Platelet Disorders What Are Platelet Disorders?
Platelet disorders are conditions that occur when the platelet count in your blood is too high or too low or your platelets do not work properly. Platelets are tiny blood cells that are made in the bone marrow from larger cells. When you are injured, platelets form a plug, called a blood clot, to seal your wound. Blood clots help stop or slow down bleeding.
There are many types of platelet disorders.
- A higher-than-normal platelet count is called thrombocytosis or thrombocythemia. Having too many platelets can cause blood clots to form in your blood vessels. This can block blood flow through your body.
- A lower-than-normal platelet count is called thrombocytopenia. Some types of thrombocytopenia are immune thrombocytopenia and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. When you have a low platelet count, your blood does not clot normally. You may have trouble stopping bleeding.
Symptoms of platelet disorders include blood clots, bleeding, and bruising. You may not have any symptoms if your platelet count is not very high or very low. Your healthcare provider will diagnose your platelet disorder based on your medical history, a physical exam, and blood tests. , lifestyle habits, and certain medical conditions or medicines can cause platelet disorders.
Your treatment for platelet disorders may include medicines and procedures to raise or lower your platelet count. If your condition is not serious, you may not need any treatment. Platelet disorders can cause serious bleeding, a stroke, and pregnancy complications. Your provider can help you manage your platelet disorder to lower your risk of complications.