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Healthy Communities Study Protocol Manuscripts: Glossary of Terms

ASA24 - Kids The National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) Automated Self-Administered 24-hour Recall (ASA24) is a software tool that enables automated and self-administered 24-hour dietary recall data collection. In the HCS, the ASA24 version for children (ASA24-Kids) was used to assess diet of children participating in the enhanced protocol.
BMI trajectory A time series of BMI measurements collected on the same child based on combining direct assessments from home data collection with information abstracted from the child’s medical record.
Certainty Communities Certainty communities were communities selected for inclusion in the HCS by an expert panel based on evidence of innovative and/or promising programs and policies related to childhood obesity prevention.
Community Operationally defined for the HCS as a public high school catchment area.
Community Programs and Policies Program, policies, or other activities in the community related to improved nutrition, increased physical activity, and/or weight control (preventing childhood obesity) at any time during the prior 10-year period.
Community Liaison Battelle employee who travelled from community to community to interview key informants, perform quality control by observing home visits, and perform environmental observations within participating schools.
Dietary Screener Questionnaire (DSQ) The DSQ was used to collect child dietary intake information as part of the standard protocol.
Enhanced Protocol A set of detailed measures collected in a sub-sample of approximately 10% of child participants.
Field Data Collector Study staff member who conducted structured interviews with recruited families on diet, physical activity, and related information; obtained physical measurements, and gathered medical-record release forms to enable the team to gather child height and weight data for up to 10 prior years.
Intensity Score An index composed of the sum of community programs and policies weighted for intervention strategy, duration, and estimated reach. The main independent predictor variables within the HCS that capture the intensity of program or policy implementation within a community by summarizing information collected via the key informant interviews, review of documents, and/or data compiled by the Community Liaison.
Key Informant Interviews Interviews conducted by project staff with individuals in the participating communities who had knowledge of community efforts in relevant sectors (e.g., schools, government, health organizations) related to child weight status, diet, and physical activity.
Lunch and Competitive Foods Observation Form (LCFO) The LCFO was used to collect information about competitive foods, school meal foods, length of service, and dining facilities in the participating schools during an observed lunch service.
Medical Record Abstraction Collection of data from the medical records of child participants for the purpose of constructing a past history of child weight, BMI and obesity-related medical conditions.
Neighborhood Attribute Inventory (NAI) The NAI is a direct observation instrument that measures attributes of the neighborhood environment. In the HCS, five items from the NAI were used to assess the street segment of each participating child’s home.
Physical Activity Resource Assessment (PARA) The PARA is a direct observation instrument that is used to systematically document and describe the type, features, amenities, quality and incivilities of a variety of physical activity resources. In the HCS, the PARA was used to assess the variety and quality of school ground features and amenities and to document evidence of unsociable behaviors (i.e., incivilities).
Physical Activity Behavior Recall (PABR) PABR is a self-report instrument that elicits information about participation in 14 activities that could be influenced by community programs or policies. The 7-day version of the PABR was administered to all participants as part of the standard protocol.
Policy A "policy" is defined as a basic principle, declared objective, broad guideline, regulation or law. Policies can be established by government at local, state, and federal levels, or by organizations, such as schools or worksites.
Program A "program" is defined as a set of activities by governmental or other bodies intended to achieve a stated goal. Programs can include activities with multiple targets (e.g., child, family, environment) or processes (e.g., classes, media, counseling), and can combine multiple approaches.
School Foodservice Questionnaire(SFQ) The SFQ was an online survey used to collect information from a district foodservice director/manager about foodservice in each participating school, including meal program eligibility, student participation, cooking methods, and implementation of district wellness policies.
School Policies and Practices Questionnaire (SPPQ) The SPPQ was an online survey used to collect information from a school liaison at each participating school about student enrollment and attendance, nutrition education, and school wellness committees/coordinators in participating schools.
School Liaison A teacher or school staff member in each participating school, identified by the principal, who served as a “champion” for the study, collected Participant Interest Forms from students, and completed the SPPQ.
Snowball sample A sampling methodology in which new respondents are identified by current respondents via referrals.
Standard Protocol A set of anthropometric, diet, physical activity and related measures administered to all participants in the HCS.
Wave 1 A preliminary phase of the study, which involved data collection in 4 communities.
Wave 2 The primary data collection phase of the study, which involved 130 communities.

Last Updated August 2015

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