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Research Meeting Summaries

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May 17, 2014

To advance implementation research (IR) in respiratory, sleep, and critical care medicine, the American Thoracic Society and the Division of Lung Diseases from the NHLBI cosponsored an
Implementation Research Workshop on May 17, 2014. The goals of IR are to understand the barriers and facilitators of integrating new evidence into healthcare practices and to develop and test strategies that systematically target these factors to accelerate the adoption of evidence-based care. Throughout the workshop, presenters provided examples of IR that focused on the rate of adoption of evidence-based practices, the feasibility and acceptability of interventions to patients and other stakeholders who make healthcare decisions, the fidelity with which practitioners use specific interventions, the effects of specific barriers on the sustainability of an intervention, and the implications of their research to inform policies to improve patients’ access to high-quality care. During the discussions that ensued, investigators’ experience led to recommendations underscoring the importance of identifying and involving key stakeholders throughout the research process, ensuring that those who serve as reviewers understand the tenets of IR, managing staff motivation and turnover, and tackling the challenges of scaling up interventions across multiple settings.

April 27, 2014 to April 28, 2014

In April 2014, a working group recommended research topics that might shed light on the effect of the circadian clock on lung health and lung disease.

September 26, 2013

In September 2013, a working group identified research that is needed to advance the development of stem cell-derived red blood cell, platelet, and other blood products that could be used for transfusion.

September 18, 2013 to September 19, 2013

The NHLBI Lung Division convened a workshop in September 2013, at which pulmonary experts discussed prevention of lung diseases, identified key questions, and considered approaches to improve prevention.

August 22, 2013 to August 23, 2013

In August 2010, a working group reviewed key areas in nutrition and hemoglobinopathies and identified the most urgent knowledge gaps in light of current clinical and public health priorities.

June 20, 2013

The NHLBI convened a workshop in June 2013 to advise the Institute on research needed to advance the CVD surveillance systems in the United States.

June 5, 2013 to June 6, 2013

In June 2103, a working group made recommendations regarding how to design clinical trials to evaluate the role of nutrition and diet in heart failure management.

May 22, 2013

The NHLBI convened a working group in May 2013 to advise the NHLBI on new research directions needed to make progress toward achieving the development of bio-artificial hearts, which would address the shortcomings of mechanical circulatory support devices.

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