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May 5, 2015

NIH statement on World Asthma Day 2015

On World Asthma Day 2015, the National Institutes of Health stands with the international community to renew our commitment to advance our understanding of asthma and develop effective strategies to manage and prevent the disease. Within a broad asthma research portfolio, NIH-supported scientists are making progress in understanding how certain exposures—such as to microbes, allergy-triggering substances (allergens) and pollution—may contribute to the development or worsening of asthma, and are working on new approaches to address these factors.

April 25, 2015

Two treatments yield similar results for children after cardiac arrest

A large-scale, multicenter study has shown that emergency body cooling does not improve survival rates or reduce brain injury in infants and children with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest more than normal temperature control.

Therapeutic hypothermia, or whole body cooling, can improve survival and health outcomes for adults after cardiac arrest and also for newborns with brain injury due to a lack of oxygen at birth.  But, until now, this treatment has not been studied in infants or children admitted to hospitals with cardiac arrest.

April 15, 2015

NIH launches largest clinical trial focused on HIV-related cardiovascular disease

Researchers have begun enrolling participants in a multicenter international clinical trial to test whether statin administration can reduce the risk for major adverse cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks, strokes, and heart disease, in people with HIV infection. The trial is supported by the National Institutes of Health’s National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) and National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).

April 8, 2015

No evidence to change current transfusion practices for adults undergoing complex cardiac surgery

A National Institutes of Health-funded study found no statistical difference in the primary clinical measure—which assessed changes in function of six organs from before to seven days after surgery—between complex cardiac surgery patients receiving transfusions of red blood cell units stored for short (up to 10 days) versus long (21 or more days) periods. These findings indicate there is no need to alter how hospitals currently transfuse blood in adults going through complex cardiac surgical procedures.

March 23, 2015

NIH selects awardees to help speed development of health technologies

The National Institutes of Health has selected three new proof-of-concept hubs to help speed the translation of basic biomedical discoveries into commercial products, such as new drugs, devices, and diagnostics, to improve patient care and enhance health. The hubs are part of the NIH-supported Research Evaluation and Commercialization Hubs (REACH) program and will be funded at $9 million over three years.

March 16, 2015

NHLBI Researchers Confirm Common Surgical Procedure Decreases Irregular Heart Rhythm

WHAT: National Institutes of Health-funded researchers have determined that a widely used surgical technique for correcting abnormal heart rhythm is effective, but increases the likelihood that patients will later need permanent pacemakers. The study included 260 patients with atrial fibrillation, the most common type of irregular heart rhythm, who each had mitral-valve surgery at one of 20 research centers in the United States and Canada.

February 12, 2015

NHLBI Researchers Discover Never-Before-Seen Mode of Viral Transmission

WHAT: NHLBI-funded researchers have discovered a novel means by which viruses spread between cells: multiple polioviruses, a type of enterovirus, travel together within a membrane-enclosed sac, arriving together at a cell they then infect. This finding revises a central tenet of virology that viruses behave as independent infectious agents.

February 10, 2015

Study shows that iron supplementation after blood donation shortens hemoglobin recovery time

A National Institutes of Health-funded study comparing low dose iron supplementation to no supplementation in blood donors found that supplementation significantly reduced the time to recovery of post-donation lost iron and hemoglobin—an iron-rich protein that carries oxygen in red blood cells throughout the body.

The results of the Hemoglobin and Iron Recovery Study (HEIRS), supported by NIH’s National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), will appear Feb. 10 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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