Low-fat diet may slow diabetes progression in postmenopausal women

A dietary intervention in postmenopausal women aimed at reducing fat and increasing the intake of vegetables, fruits, and grains did not increase the risk of diabetes and may have slowed its progression, according to a recent study partly funded by NHLBI. A total of 48,835 women were randomly assigned to a comparison group or an intervention group that underwent a behavioral and nutritional modification program to decrease fat and increase vegetable, fruit, and grain intake for an average of eight years. Women in the intervention group had lower rates of initiation of insulin therapy both during the trial and at follow-up occurring on average 17 years later. The findings were published in Diabetes Care.

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