If you have mild lymphocytopenia with no underlying cause, you may not need treatment. The disorder may improve on its own.

If an underlying condition is causing your lymphocytopenia, you'll need treatment for that condition. You'll also need treatment for infections if your body is unable to fight them because of lymphocytopenia.

Treating and Preventing Infections

The main risk of lymphocytopenia is getting unusual infections, repeat infections, and/or infections that won't go away. If you have the disorder, you may get treatments to prevent infections or to treat infections you already have.

You also can take other steps to prevent infections. For example:

  • Stay away from people who are sick, and avoid large crowds of people.
  • Avoid foods that can expose you to bacteria, such as uncooked foods.
  • Wash your hands often.
  • Brush and floss your teeth and get regular dental care to reduce the risk of infection in your mouth and throat.
  • Ask your doctor whether you should get a yearly flu shot and the pneumonia vaccine.

Know the signs of an infection, such as a fever. Call your doctor right away if you think you have an infection.

Treating an Underlying Disease or Condition

If you have a disease or condition that’s causing lymphocytopenia, you’ll need treatment for that condition.

You'll likely have regular tests to show how the treatment is working. For example, you may have blood tests to check the number of lymphocytes in your blood.

If the treatments for the underlying condition are working, the number of lymphocytes in your blood may go up.

Physical Activity

Talk with your doctor about what types and amounts of physical activity are safe for you. You may want to avoid activities that could result in injuries or increase your risk of infections.

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Updated: December 30, 2013