Coronary microvascular disease can affect both men and women. However, women may be at risk for coronary microvascular disease if they have lower than normal levels of estrogen at any point in their adult lives. (This refers to the estrogen that the ovaries produce, not the estrogen used in hormone therapy.) Low estrogen levels before menopause can raise younger women’s risk for the disease. Causes of low estrogen levels in younger women can be mental stress or a problem with the function of the ovaries.
The causes of coronary microvascular disease and atherosclerosis are also considered risk factors for the disease.
Celebrating American Heart Month: NIH Advancing Heart Research02/07/2014
More than 100 members of the NIH community gathered at the NIH Clinical Center in Bethesda, MD, to raise awareness about women and heart disease. The crowd formed a giant human heart in honor of National Wear Red Day, which takes place each year on the first Friday of February. Speakers at the event included Dr. Francis Collins, director of the NIH; Dr. Gary H. Gibbons, director of the NHLBI; Dr. Griffin Rodgers, director of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; Dr. Janine Clayton, director of the NIH Office of Research on Women's Health; and Dr. John Gallin, director of the NIH Clinical Center. For more information about heart disease, visit the NHLBI web site. If you share this video on Twitter, please use #NationalWearRedDay.