Bleeding Disorders
Bleeding Disorders

Bleeding Disorders Symptoms

Symptoms may vary with the type of bleeding disorder and its cause. Signs and symptoms may be obvious soon after a child is born or not noticed until adulthood. Bleeding disorders can have symptoms that range from mild, such as sporadic nosebleeds, to severe, such as hemorrhagic stroke. People who have a mild bleeding disorder may not experience any symptoms until they are injured or have a medical procedure.

Signs and symptoms of bleeding disorders may include:

  • Blood in urine or stool
  • Excessive bleeding that does not stop with pressure and may start spontaneously, such as with nosebleeds, or after a cut, dental procedure, or surgery
  • Large bruises and bruising often
  • Heavy bleeding after giving birth
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding, which includes having periods that often last longer than seven days or require changing sanitary pads or tampons more than every hour
  • Petechiae, or bleeding under the skin causing tiny purple, red, or brown spots
  • Redness, swelling, stiffness, or pain from bleeding into muscles or joints, which is particularly common with inherited hemophilia
  • Umbilical stump bleeding that lasts longer than what is typical for newborns — about 1 to 2 weeks after the umbilical cord is cut — or that does not stop
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