Heart-Healthy Lifestyle Changes for Health Professionals

Clinical Practice Guidelines

The IOM (2011) defined clinical practice guidelines as "statements that include recommendations intended to optimize patient care that are informed by a systematic review of evidence and an assessment of the benefits and harms of alternative care options."

Systematic Evidence Reviews

In 2011, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) defined a systematic evidence review as "a scientific investigation that focuses on a specific question and uses explicit, prespecified scientific methods to identify, select, assess, and summarize the findings of similar but separate studies.


A woman arises from slumber to turn off her morning alarm.
NHLBI in the Press
After working with close to 500 women, researchers found that those who lost and gained 10 pounds at least once throughout a year were more likely to have sleep disturbances – such as taking longer to fall asleep or not sleeping as well throughout the night.