Health Inequities and Global Health Branch
The Health Inequities and Global Health (HIGH) Branch is the NHLBI’s main source for guidance pertaining to domestic and global health inequities implementation research. This includes identifying research gaps and needs as well as research opportunities to address them. The HIGH Branch also serves as the NHLBI focal point for advice and guidance on global health research and the study of implementation strategies for proven-effective interventions around the world. The HIGH branch develops strategy positions related to the determinants of health inequities and global health, and provides leadership and coordination for bilateral programs with selected countries in support of global health initiatives. The Branch also represents the NHLBI to other governments, federal agencies and departments, other NIH Institutes and Centers, international organizations, and other stakeholders on global health and health inequities issues related to heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders.
Areas of high priority include, but are not limited to:
- late-stage (T4) translation research and implementation science with a specific focus on adoption, adaptation, and the scale-up of proven effective interventions in heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders in low- and middle-income countries, as well as low-resource communities in the United States, that have a high burden of heart, lung, blood, and sleep health disparities;
- research identifying barriers and facilitators to effective implementation, uptake, and scale-up in order to reduce and/or eliminate disparities and reduce the domestic and global burden of heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders;
- research exploring the use of community-engaged research approaches that may enhance uptake and sustainability of strategies and interventions addressing the drivers of inequities for heart, lung, blood, and sleep disparities, thereby improving population health;
- studies to address the reduction of heart, lung, blood, and sleep health disparities through the development, implementation, and dissemination of community-based, multi-level interventions; and
- research training and career development activities focusing on building the next generation of research investigators and clinician scientists in implementation science, with an emphasis on health disparities and global health.
Our vision is to support research to reduce the global burden of heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders through coordination, collaboration, and communication with a diverse range of international stakeholders.
Our mission is to create sustainable international partnerships, support programs that address global gaps in research and research training that drive improvements in heart, lung, blood, and sleep research.
Global Health Implementation Research Program
This program supports research focused on generating new, generalizable knowledge regarding optimal implementation of proven-effective, evidence-based interventions, strategies, and guidelines that can reduce the domestic and global burden of heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders. Areas of interest include research focused on how innovations can be introduced and scaled up for widespread use across complex settings in low- and middle-income countries; strategies to identify components of health systems that allow for embedding and sustaining effective evidence-based care in communities and clinical settings in low- and middle-income countries and small-island developing states with limited research capacity; studies that leverage the global infrastructure for HIV and other communicable disease care to build on and advance the prevention, treatment, and control of heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders in people living with HIV; research on sustainably adopting, adapting, and scaling up proven-effective heart, lung, blood, or sleep disorder interventions in low-resource settings; and research advancing our understanding of the U.S. health disadvantages in comparison with other high-income countries.
- Xinzhi Zhang
- M.D., Ph.D., FACE, FRSM
- Branch Chief
Health Inequities Research Program
This research program supports research aimed at reducing and eliminating disparities in heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders; achieving health equity; and improving population health for all. Areas of interest include research focused on identifying effective ways to optimize the use of evidence-based interventions, treatments, and services in diverse populations (e.g., racial and ethnic groups, those with comorbid conditions, all age groups) and settings (e.g., across geographic locations and within diverse socioeconomic settings). Other research interests address the development, implementation, and dissemination of community-based, multilevel interventions as approaches to reducing heart, lung, blood, and sleep health disparities; as well as the adaptation, adoption, and scale-up of evidence-based interventions, strategies, and approaches.
Health Inequities Research Scientist Development Program
This program supports research training and career development activities that help build the next generation of research investigators and clinical scientists who are well-equipped to implement effective evidence-based interventions to reduce health inequities—and who can themselves add to the evidence base for effective dissemination and implementation research on heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders.
Global Health Research Capacity-Building Program
This program supports research training and career development, research mentoring, and research capacity-building and infrastructure development to develop a multidisciplinary heart, lung, blood, and sleep research workforce in low- and middle-income countries and small-island developing states capable of conducting effective global heart, lung, blood, and sleep implementation research.
- Makeda Williams
- Ph.D., M.P.H.