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WHI PUBLICATIONS

Updated 1/28/13


  • Behavioral, Quality of Life, and Lifestyle

  • Calcium and Vitamin D/Bone

  • Cancer

  • Cardiovascular

  • Cognition and Dementia

  • Design and Methods

  • Diet

  • Hormone Therapy

  • Other

  • Pelvic Prolapse and Urinary Incontinence

    Behavioral, Quality of Life, and Lifestyle

    1. Brennan RM, Wactawski-Wende J, Crespo CJ, Dmochowski J. “Factors Associated with Treatment Initiated after Osteoporosis Screening." Am J Epidemiol 2004;160:475-483.
    2. Bush RA, Langer RD. “The Effects of Insurance Coverage and Ethnicity on Mammography Utilization in a Postmenopausal Population." West J Med 1998;Apr;168(4):236-240.
    3. David SP, Hamidovic A, Chen GK, et al. “Genome-Wide Meta-Analyses of Smoking Behaviors in African Americans.” Transl Psychiatry. 2012 May 22. [Epub ahead of print].
    4. Dubowitz T, Ghosh-Dastidar M, Eibner C, Slaughter ME, Fernandes M, Whitsel EA, Bird CE, Jewell A, Margolis KL, Li W, Michael YL, Shih RA, Manson JE, Escarce JJ. “The Women's Health Initiative: The Food Environment, Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status, BMI, and Blood Pressure.” Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Jun 9. [Epub ahead of print].
    5. Evenson KR, Wilcox S, Pettinger M, Brunner R, King AC, McTiernan A. “Vigorous Leisure Activity through Women's Adult Life: The Women's Health Initiative Observational Cohort Study." Am J Epidemiology 2002;156:945-953.
    6. Gold R, Michael YL, Whitlock EP, Hubbell FA, Mason ED, Rodriguez BL, Safford MM, Sarto GE. “Race/Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Lifetime Morbidity Burden in the Women's Health Initiative." Journal of Women's Health 2006;15(10):1161-1173.
    7. Gray SL, Aragaki AK, LaMonte MJ, Cochrane BB, Kooperberg C, Robinson JG, Woods NF, LaCroix AZ. “Statins, Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors, and Physical Performance in Older Women.” J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Nov 23. [Epub ahead of print].
    8. Holahan CK, Holahan CJ, Powers DA, Hayes RB, Marti CN, and Ockene JK. “Depressive Symptoms and Smoking in Middle-Aged and Older Women.” Nicotine Tob Res. 2011 Apr 19. [Epub ahead of print].
    9. Holahan CK, Holahan CJ, North RJ, Hayes RB, Powers DA, Ockene JK. “Smoking Status, Physical Health-Related Quality of Life, and Mortality in Middle-Aged and Older Women.” Nicotine Tob Res. 2012 Sep 10. [Epub ahead of print].
    10. Hopkins, Burrows B, Bowen D, Tinker l. “Labeling as a Predictor of Dietary Maintenance." J Nutr Edu 2001;33:278-283.
    11. Hsia J, Kemper E, Sofaer S, Bowen D, Kiefe C, Zapka J, Mason E, Lillington L, Limacher L. “Is Insurance a More Important Determinant of Healthcare Access Than Perceived Health? Evidence from the Women's Health Initiative." Journal of Women's Health; Gender-Based Medicine 2000;9(8):881-889.
    12. Hsia J, Kemper E, Kiefe C, Zapka J, Sofaer S, Pettinger M, Bowen D, Limacher M, Lillington L, Mason E. “The Importance of Health Insurance as a Determinant of Cancer Screening: Evidence from the Women's Health Initiative." Preventive Medicine 2000;31:261-270.
    13. Hsia J. Wu L, Allen C, Oberman A, Lawson WE, Torrens J, Safford M, Limacher MC, Howard BV. “Physical Activity and Diabetes Risk in Postmenopausal Women." Am J Prev Med 2005;28(1):19-25.
    14. Kavirajan H, V Vahia I, Thompson WK, Depp C, Allison M, Jeste DV. “Attitude Toward Own Aging and Mental Health in Post-Menopausal Women.” Asian J Psychiatr. 2011 Mar 1;4(1):26-30.
    15. Kearney MH, Rosal MC, Ockene JK, Churchill LC. “Influences on Older Women's Adherence to a Low-Fat Diet in the Women's Health Initiative." Psychosom Med 2002;64(3):450-457.
    16. Kluczynski MA, Lamonte MJ, Mares JA, Wactawski-Wende J, Smith AW, Engelman CD, Andrews CA, Snetselaar LG, Sarto GE, Millen AE. “Duration of Physical Activity and Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Status of Postmenopausal Women.” Ann Epidemiol. 2011 Jun;21(6):440-449.
    17. Kripke DF, Brunner R, Freeman R, Hendrix S, Jackson RD, Masaki K, Carter RA. “Sleep Complaints of Postmenopausal Women." Clinical Journal of Women's Health 2001;1:244-252.
    18. Luo J, Rossouw J, tong E, Giovino GA, Lee C, Chen C, Ockene JK, Qi L, Margolis KL. “Smoking Cessation, Weight Gain, and risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Among Postmenopausal Women.” Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(5):438-439.
    19. McTiernan A, Kooperberg C, White E, Wilcox S, Adams-Campbell LL, Woods N, Ockene J. “Recreational Physical Activity and the Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative Cohort Study." JAMA 2003;290:1331-1336.
    20. Messina CR, Lane DS, Glanz K, West DS, Taylor V, Frishman W, Powell L. “Relationship of Social Support and Social Burden to Repeated Breast Cancer Screening in the Women's Health Initiative." Health Psychology 2004;23(6):582-594.
    21. Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Garland CF, Caan B, Hebert JR, Wodarski LA, Vitolins MZ, Himes JH, Parker LM. “Yogurt Consumption is Associated with Healthy Behavior in Postmenopausal Women." Clinical Journal of Women's Health 2002;2(3):128-134.
    22. Nguyen HQ, Hertling JR, Kohen R, Perry CK, LaCroix A, Adams-Campbell LL. “Recreational Physical Activity in Postmenopausal Women is Stable over 8-Years of Follow-Up.” J Phys Act Health. 2012 Sep 18. [Epub ahead of print].
    23. Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Fitchett G, Ockene JK, Schnall E, Crawford S, Granek I, Manson J, Ockene I, O'Sullivan MJ, Powell L, Rapp S. ”Religion and Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Among Postmenopausal Women: the Women's Health Initiative.” J Behav Med. 2011 Feb 8. [Epub ahead of print].
    24. Seguin R, Lamonte M, Tinker L, Liu J, Woods N, Michael YL, Bushnell C, Lacroix AZ. “Sedentary Behavior and Physical Function Decline in Older Women: Findings from the Women's Health Initiative.” J Aging Res. 2012 May 21. [Epub ahead of print].
    25. Shikany JM. “Fat Intake in Husbands of Participants in the Dietary Modification Component of the Women's Health Initiative." Nutr Res 2002;22:577-586.
    26. Smoller JW, Pollack MH, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Barton B, Hendrix SL, Jackson RD, Dicken T, Oberman A, Sheps DS. “Prevalence and Correlates of Panic Attacks in Postmenopausal Women." Arch Intern Med 2003;163:2041-2050.
    27. Tinker LF, Perri MG, Patterson RE, Bowen DJ, McIntosh M, Parker LM, Sevick MA, Wodarski LA. “The Effects of Physical and Emotional Status on Adherence to a Low-Fat Dietary Pattern in the Women's Health Initiative." J Am Diet Assoc 2002;102:789-800.
    28. Thomson CA, Wertheim BC, Hingle M, Wang L, Neuhouser ML, Gong Z, Garcia L, Stefanick ML, Manson JE. “Alcohol Consumption and Body Weight Change in Postmenopausal Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative.” Nature 2012 June 12. [Epub ahead of print].
    29. Wilcox S, Everson KR, Aragaki A, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Mouton CP, Loevinger BL. “The Effects of Widowhood on Physical and Mental Health, Health Behaviors, and Health Outcomes: The Women's Health Initiative." Health Psychology 2003;22(5):513-522.
    30. Yost KJ, Haan MN, Levine RA, Gold EB. “Comparing SF-36 Scores Across Three Groups of Women with Different Health Profiles." Quality of Life Research 2005;14:1251-1261.

    Calcium and Vitamin D/Bone

    1. Barondess DA, Singh M, Hendrix SL, Nelson DA. “Radiographic Measurements, Bone Mineral Density and the Singh Index in the Proximal Femur of White and Black Postmenopausal Women." Clin J Women's Health 2001;1(5):253-258.
    2. Bertone-Johnson ER, Powers SI, Spangler L, Brunner RL, Michael YL, Larson JC, Millen AE, Bueche MN, Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Liu S, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Ockene JK, Ockene I, and Manson JE. “Vitamin D Intake From Foods and Supplements and Depressive Symptoms in a Diverse Population of Older Women.” Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Aug 24. [Epub ahead of print].
    3. Bertone-Johnson ER, McTiernan A, Thomson CA, Wactawski-Wende J, Aragaki AK, Rohan TE, Vitolins MZ, Tamini RM, Johnson KC, Lane D, Rexrode KM, Peck JD, Chlebowski RT, Sarto G, Manson JE. “Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation and One-Year Change in Mammographic Density in the Women's Health Initiative Calcium and Vitamin D Trial.” Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012 Feb 10. [Epub ahead of print].
    4. Bertone-Johnson ER, Powers SI, Spangler L, Larson J, Michael YL, Millen AE, Bueche MN, Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Brunner RL, Ockene I, Ockene JK, Liu S, Manson JE. “Vitamin D Supplementation and Depression in the Women's Health Initiative Calcium and Vitamin D Trial.” Am J Epidemiol. 2012 Jul 1;176(1):1-13.
    5. Bonds DE, Larson JC, Schwartz AV, Strotmeyer ES, Robbins J, Rodriguez BL, Johnson KC, Margolis KL. “Risk of Fracture in Women with Type 2 Diabetes: The Women's Health Initiative Observational Study." J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006;91(9):3404-3410.
    6. Brennan RM, Genco RJ, Hovey KM, Trevisan M, Wactawski-Wende J. “Clinical Attachment Loss, Systemic Bone Density, and Subgingival Calculus in Postmenopausal Women.” J Periodontal Nov 2007;78(11):2104-2111.
    7. Brennan-Calanan RM, Genco RJ, Wilding GE, Hovey KM, Trevisan M, Wactawski-Wende J. “Osteoporosis and Oral Infection: Independent Risk Factors for Oral Bone Loss.” J Dent Res 2008;87(4):323-327.
    8. Brunner RL, Cochrane B, Jackson RD, Larson J, Lewis C, Limacher M, Rosal M, Shumaker S, Wallace R; Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “Calcium, Vitamin D Supplementation, and Physical Function in the Women's Health Initiative.” J Am Diet Assoc Sep 2008;108(9):1472-1479.
    9. Brunner R, Dunbar-Jacob J, Leboff MS, Granek I, Bowen D, Snetselaar LG, Shumaker SA, Ockene J, Rosal M, Wactawski-Wende J, Cauley J, Cochrane B, Tinker L, Jackson R, Wang CY, Wu L. “Predictors of Adherence in the Women's Health Initiative Calcium and Vitamin D Trial.” Behav Med 2009 Jan 1;34(4):145-155.
    10. Brunner RL, Wactawski-Wende J, Caan BJ, Cochrane BB, Chlebowski RT, Gass ML, Jacobs ET, LaCroix AZ, Lane D, Larson J, Margolis KL, Millen AE, Sarto GE, Vitolins MZ, Wallace RB. “The Effect of Calcium Plus Vitamin D on Risk for Invasive Cancer: Results of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Calcium Plus Vitamin D Randomized Clinical Trial.” Nutr Cancer. 2011 Jul 20. [Epub ahead of print].
    11. Caan B, Neuhouser M, Aragaki A, Lewis CB, Jackson R, LeBoff MS, Margolis KL, Powell L, Uwaifo G, Whitlock E, Wylie-Rosett J, LaCroix A. “Calcium Plus Vitamin D Supplementation and the Risk of Postmenopausal Weight Gain." Arch Intern Med 2007;167:893-902.
    12. Caire-Juvera G, Ritenbaugh C, Wactawski-Wende J, Snetselaar LG, Chen Z. “Vitamin A and Retinol Intakes and the Risk of Fractures among Participants of the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study." Am J Clin Nutr 2008 Dec 3. [Epub ahead of print].
    13. Carbone LD, Johnson KC, Bush AJ, Robbins J, Larson JC, Thomas A, LaCroix AZ. "Loop Diuretic Use and Fracture in Postmenopausal Women: Finds from the Women's Health Initiative." Arch Intern Med 2009;169(2):132-140.
    14. Cauley JA, Wampler NS, Barnhart JM, Wu L, Allison M, Chen Z, Hendrix S, Robbins J, Jackson RD. “Incidence of Fractures Compared to Cardiovascular Disease and Breast Cancer; The Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.” Osteoporos Int 2008;19:1717-1723.
    15. Cauley JA, LaCroix AZ, Wu L, Horwitz M, Danielson ME, Bauer DC, Lee JS, Jackson RD, Robbins JA, Wu C, Stanczyk FZ, LeBoff MS, Wactawski-Wende J, Sarto G, Ockene J, Cummings SR. “Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations and Risk for Hip Fractures.” Ann Intern Med Aug 2008;149(4):242-250.
    16. Cauley JA, Wu L, Wampler NS, Barnhart JM, Allison M, Chen Z, Jackson R, Robbins J. “Clinical Risk Factors for Fractures in Multi-Ethnic Women: The Women's Health Initiative.” J Bone Miner Res 2007 Nov;22(11):1816-26.
    17. Cauley JA, Danielson ME, Boudreau R, Barbour KE, Horwitz MJ, Bauer DC, Ensrud KE, Manson JE, Wactawski-Wende J, Shikany JM, Jackson RD. “Serum 25 Hydroxyvitamin (OH)D and Clinical Fracture Risk in a Multiethnic Cohort of Women: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI).” J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Jun 27. [Epub ahead of print].
    18. Chen Z, Pettinger MB, Ritenbaugh C, LaCroix AZ, Robbins J, Caan BJ, Barad DH, Hakim IA. “Habitual Tea Consumption and Risk of Osteoporosis: A Prospective Study in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Cohort." Am J Epidemiol 2003;158:772-781.
    19. Chen Z, Maricic M, Bassford TL, Pettinger M, Ritenbaugh C, Lopez AM, Barad DH, Bass M, LeBoff MS. “Fracture Risk Among Breast Cancer Survivors: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study." Arch Intern Med 2005;165:552-558.
    20. Chen Z, Maricic M, Pettinger M, Ritenbaugh C, Lopez AM, Barad DH, Gass M, LeBoff MS, Bassford TL. “Osteoporosis and Rate of Bone Loss among Postmenopausal Survivors of Breast Cancer." Cancer 2005;104:1520-1530.
    21. Chen Z, Wang Z, Lohman T, Heymsfield SB, Outwater E, Nicholas JS, Bassford T, LaCroix A, Sherrill D, Punyanitya M, Wu G, Going S. “Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry is a Valid Tool for Assessing Skeletal Muscle Mass in Older Women.” J Nutr 2007 Dec;137(12):2775-80.
    22. Chen Z, Arendell L, Aichkin M, Cauley J, Lewis CE, Chlebowski R. “Hip Bone Density Predicts Breast Cancer Risk independently of Gail Score: Results from the Women's Health Initiative.” Cancer Sep 2008;113(5):901-915.
    23. Chen Z, Maricic M, Aragaki AK, Mouton C, Arendell L, Lopez AM, Bassford T, Chlebowski RT. “Fracture Risk Increases After Diagnosis of Breast or Other Cancers in Postmenopausal Women: Results From the Women's Health Initiative.” Osteoporos Int 2008 Sep 3. [Epub ahead of print].
    24. Chen Z, Thomson CA, Aickin M, Nicholas JS, Van Wyck D, Lewis CE, Cauley JA, Bassford T; Short list of Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “The Relationship between Incidence of Fractures and Anemia in Older Multiethnic Women." J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010 Dec;58(12):2337-2344.
    25. Chen Z, Qi L, Beck T, Robbins J, Wu G, Lewis CE, Cauley JA, Wright NC, Seldin MF. “Stronger Bone Correlates with African Admixture in African American Women.” J Bone Miner Res. 2011 May 16. [Epub ahead of print].
    26. Chlebowski RT, Johnson KC, Kooperberg C, Pettinger M, Wactawski-Wende J, Rohan T, Rossouw J, Lane D, O'Sullivan MJ, Yasmeen S, Hiatt RA, Shikany JM, Vitolins M, Khandekar J, Hubbell FA; for the Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “Calcium Plus Vitamin D Supplementation and the Risk of Breast Cancer.” J Natl Cancer Inst 2008 Nov 19;100(22):1581-1591.
    27. Chlebowski RT, Johnson KC, Lane D, Pettinger M, Kooperberg CL, Wactawski-Wende J, Rohan T, O'Sullivan MJ, Yasmeen S, Hiatti RA, Shikany JM, Vitolins M, Khandekar J, and Hubbell FA. “25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentration, Vitamin D Intake and Joint Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women." Maturitas. 18 Nov 2010. [Epub ahead of print].
    28. Chlebowski RT. “Vitamin D and Breast Cancer: Interpreting Current Evidence.” Breast Cancer Research. 2011;13(4):217.
    29. Chlebowski RT, Pettinger M, Kooperberg C. “Caution in Reinterpreting the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Calcium and Vitamin D Trial Breast Cancer Results.” Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Jan;95(1):258-9.
    30. de Boer IH, Kestenbaum B, Siscovick DS, Weiss NS, Tinker LF, Connelly S, Curb JD, Howard BV, Larson JC, Manson JE, Margolis KL. “Calcium Plus Vitamin D Supplementation and the Risk of Incident diabetes Mellitus in the Women's Health Initiative." Diabetes Care 2008 Jan 30 Epub.
    31. Eaton CB, Young A, Allison MA, Robinson J, Martin LW, Kuller LH, Johnson KC, Curb JD, Van Horn L, McTiernan A, Liu S, and Manson JE. “Prospective Association of Vitamin D Concentrations with Mortality in Postmenopausal Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI).” Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Oct 26. [Epub ahead of print].
    32. Engelman CD, Meyers KI, Iyengar SK, Liu Z, Karki CK, Igo IP, Truitt B, Robinson J, Sarto GE, Wallace R, Blodi BA, Klein ML, Tinker L, LeBlanc ES, Jackson RD, Song Y, Manson JE, Marea JA, Millen AE. “Vitamin D Intake and Season Modify the Effects of the GC and CYP2R1 Genes on 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations.” J Nutr. 2012 Nov 28. [Epub ahead of print].
    33. Ensrud KE, Barbour K, Canales MT, Danielson ME, Boudreau RM, Bauer DC, Lacroix AZ, Ishani A, Jackson RD, Robbins JA, Cauley JA. “Renal Function and Nonvertebral Fracture Risk in Multiethnic Women: the Women's Health Initiative (WHI).” Osteoporos Int. 2011 May 28. [Epub ahead of print].
    34. Garg R, Chen Z, Beck T, Cauley JA, Wu G, Nelson D, Lewis B, LaCroix A, LeBoff MS. “Hip Geometry in Diabetic Women: Implications for Fracture Risk.” Metabolism. 2012 Dec;61(12):1756-62. Epub 2012 Jun 20.
    35. Hsia J, Heiss G, Ren H, Allison M, Dolan NC, Greenland P, Heckbert SR, Johnson KC, Manson JE, Sidney S, Trevisan M, for the Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “Calcium/Vitamin D Supplementation and Cardiovascular Events." Circulation 2007;115:846-854.
    36. Jackson R, LaCroix A, Cauley J, McGowan J. “The WHI CaD Trial: Overview and Baseline Characteristics of Participants." Ann Epidemiol 2003;13:S98-S106.
    37. Jackson RD, LaCroix AZ, Gass M, et al. “The Women's Health Initiative Trial of Calcium plus Vitamin D Supplementation on Risk for Fractures." NEJM 2006;354:669-683.
    38. Jackson RD, Shidham S. “The Role of Hormone Therapy and Calcium plus Vitamin D for Reduction of Bone Loss and Risk For Fractures: Lessons Learned from the Women's Health Initiative.” Curr Osteoporos Rep 2007 Dec;5(4):153-9.
    39. Jackson RD, Donepudi S, Mysiw WJ. “Epidemiology of Fracture Risk in the Women's Health Initiative.” Curr Osteoporos Rep 2008 Dec;6(4):155-61.
    40. Jackson RD, Wright NC, Beck TJ, Sherrill D, Cauley JA, Lewis CE, Lacroix AZ, Leboff MS, Going S, Bassford T, Chen Z. ”Calcium Plus Vitamin D Supplementation Has Limited Effects On Femoral Geometric Strength in Older Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative.” Calcif Tissue Int. 2011 Jan 21. [Epub ahead of print].
    41. Jacoby VL, Grady D, Wactawski-Wende J, Manson JE, Allison MA, Kuppermann M, Sarto GE, Robbins J, Phillips L, Martin LW, O'Sullivan MJ, Jackson R, Rodabough RJ, and Stefanick ML. “Oophorectomy vs Ovarian Conservation with Hysterectomy: Cardiovascular Disease, Hip Fracture, and Cancer in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.” Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(8):760-768.
    42. Jeffcoat MK, Lewis CE, Reddy MS, Wang CY, Redford M. “Post-Menopausal Bone Loss and It's Relationship to Oral Bone Loss." Periodontol 2000 2001;23(1):94-102.
    43. Kluczynski MA, Wactawski-Wende J, Platek ME, et al. “Changes in Vitamin D Supplement Use and Baseline Plasma 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentration Predict 5-y Change in Concentration in Postmenopausal Women.” J Nutr. September 1, 2012 vol. 142 no. 9 1705-1712.
    44. LaCroix AZ, Cauley JA, Pettinger M, Hsia J, Bauer DC, McGowan J, Chen Z, Lewis CE, McNeeley SG, Passaro MD, Jackson RD. “Statin Use, Clinical Fracture, and Bone Density in Postmenopausal Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study." Ann Internal Med 2003;139:97-104.
    45. LaCroix AZ, Lee JS, Wu L, Cauley JA, Shlipak MG, Ott SM, Robbins J, Curb JD, LeBoff M, Bauer DC, Jackson RD, Kooperberg CL, Cummings SR. “Cystatin-C, Renal Function, and Incidence of Hip Fracture in Postmenopausal Women.” J Am Geriatr Soc 2008 Jul 24. [Epub ahead of print]
    46. LaCroix AZ, Kotchen J, Anderson G, Brazyski R, Cauley JA, Cummings SR, Gass M, Johnson KC, Ko M, Larson J, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Wactawski J. “Calcium plus Vitamin D Supplementation and Mortality in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative Calcium-Vitamin D Randomized Controlled Trial." J Gerontol, Medical Sciences 2009 Feb 16. [Epub ahead of print].
    47. LaCroix AZ, Beck TJ, Cauley JA, Lewis CE, Bassford T, Jackson R, Wu G, Chen Z. “Hip Structural Geometry and Incidence of Hip Fracture in Postmenopausal Women: What Does It Add to Conventional Bone Mineral Density?"Osteoporos Int. 2009 Sep 15. [Epub ahead of print]
    48. LeBoff MS, Narweker R, LaCroix A, Wu L, Jackson R, Lee J, Bauer DC, Cauley J, Kooperberg C, Lewis C, Thomas AM, Cummings S. "Homocysteine Levels and Risk of Hip Fracture in Postmenopausal Women." J Clin endocrinol Metab 2009 Jan 27. [Epub ahead of print].
    49. Lee JS, LaCroix AZ, Wu L, Cauley JA, Jackson RD, Kooperberg C, LeBoff MS, Robbins J, Lewis CE, Bauer DC, Cummings SR. “Associations of Serum Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin and Sex Hormone Concentrations with Hip Fracture Risk in Postmenopausal Women.” J Clin Endocrinal Metab May 2008;93(5):1796-1803.
    50. Margolis KL, Ray RM, Van Horn L, Manson JE, Allison MA, Black HR, Beresford SAA, Connelly SA, Curb JD, Grimm RH, Kotchen TA, Kuller LH, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Thomson CA, Torner JC, for the Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “Effect of Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation on Blood Pressure. The Women's Health Initiative Randomized Trial.” Hypertension Nov 2008;52:847-855.
    51. McLeod, KM, McCann SE, Horvath PJ, Wactawski-Wende J. “Predictors of Change in Calcium Intake in Postmenopausal Women after Osteoporosis Screening." J Nutr 2007 Aug;137(8):1968-1973.
    52. Meng JE, Hovey KM, Wactawski-Wende J, Andrews CA, Lamonte MJ, Horst RL, Genco RJ, and Millen AE. “Intraindividual Variation in Plasma 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Measures 5 Years Apart among Postmenopausal Women.” Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012 Apr 20. [Epub ahead of print].
    53. Michael YL, Smit E, Seguin R, Curb JD, Phillips LS, Manson JE. “Serum Hydroxyvitamin D and Physical Performance in Postmenopausal Women.” J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2011 Sep 16. [Epub ahead of print].
    54. Millen AE, Voland R, Sondel SA, Parekh N, Horst RL, Wallace RB, Hageman GS, Chappell R, Blodi BA, Klein ML, Gehrs KM, Sarto GE, and Mares JA; for the CAREDS Study Group. “Vitamin D Status and Early Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Postmenopausal Women.” Arch Ophthalmol. 2011;129(4):481-489.
    55. Nelson DA, Barondess DA, Hendrix SL, Beck TJ. “Cross-Sectional Geometry, Bone Strength and Bone Mass in the Proximal Femur in African-American and White Postmenopausal Women." J Bone Miner Res 2000;15(10):1992-1997.
    56. Orchard TS, Cauley JA, Frank GC, Neuhouser ML, Robinson JG, Snetselaar L, Tylavsky F, Wactawski-Wende J, Young AM, Lu B and Jackson RD. “Fatty Acid Consumption and Risk of Fracture in the Women's Health Initiative." Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Oct 27. [Epub ahead of print].
    57. Orchard TS, Ing SW, Lu B, Belury MA, Johnson K, Wactawski-Wende J, Jackson RD. “The Association of Red Blood Cell n-3 and n-6 Fatty Acids to Dietary Fatty Acid Intake, Bone Mineral Density and Hip Fracture Risk in the Women's Health Initiative.” Miner Res. 2012 Sep 27. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.1772. [Epub ahead of print].
    58. Prentice RL, Pettinger MB, Jackson RD, Wactawski-Wende J, LaCroix AZ, Anderson GL, Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, Van Horn L, Vitolins MZ, Datta M, LeBlanc ES, Cauley JA, Rossouw, JE. “Health Risks and Benefits from Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation: Women's Health Initiative Clinical Trial and Cohort Study.” Osteoporos Int. 2012 Dec 4. [Epub ahead of print].
    59. Rejnmark L, Avenell A, Masud T, et al. “Vitamin D with Calcium Reduces Mortality: Patient Level Pooled Analysis of 70,528 Patients from Eight Major Vitamin D Trials.” J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 May 17. [Epub ahead of print].
    60. Robbins J, Schott AM, Azari R, Kronmal R. “Body Mass Index is not a Good Predictor of Bone Density: Results from WHI, CHS, and EPIDOS.” J Clin Densitom 2006 Jul-Sep;9(3):329-34.
    61. Rohan TE, Negassa A, Chlebowski RT, Ceria-Ulep CD, Cochrane BB, Lane DS, Ginsberg M, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Page DL. “A Randomized Controlled Trial of Calcium Plus Vitamin D Supplementation and Risk of Benign Proliferative Breast Disease.” Breast Cancer Res Treat 2008 Oct 14. [Epub ahead of print]
    62. Robbins J, Aragaki AK, Kooperberg C, Watts N, Wactawski-Wende J, Jackson RD, LeBoff MS, Lewis CE, Chen Z, Stefanick ML, Cauley J. “Factors associated with 5-Year Risk of Hip Fracture in Postmenopausal Women." JAMA 2007;298(20):2389-2398.
    63. Spangler L, Scholes D, Brunner RL, Robbins J, Reed SD, Newton KM, Melville JL, LaCroix AZ. “Depressive Symptoms, Bone Loss, and Fractures in Postmenopausal Women." J Gen Intern Med 2008 Feb 20 [Epub ahead of print].
    64. Tang JY, Fu T, LeBlanc E, Manson JE, Feldman D, Linos E, Vitolins MZ, Zeitouni NC, Larson J, and Stefanick ML. “Calcium Plus Vitamin D Supplementation and the Risk of Nonmelanoma and Melanoma Skin Cancer: Post Hoc Analyses of the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Trial.” J Clin Oncol. 2011 Jun 27. [Epub ahead of print].
    65. Wactawski-Wende J, Kotchen JM, Anderson GL, et al. “Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation and Colorectal Cancer in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative Clinical Trial." NEJM 2006;354:684-696.
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    91. Wu C, Kraft P, Stolzenberg-Solomon R, Steplowski E, Brotzman M, Xu M, Mudgal P, Amundadottir L, Arslan AA, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Gross M, Helzlsouer K, Jacobs EJ, Kooperberg C, Petersen GM, Zheng W, Albanes D, Boutron-Ruault MC, Buring JE, Canzian F, Cao G, Duell EJ, Elena JW, Gaziano JM, Giovannucci EL, Hallmans G, Hutchinson A, Hunter DJ, Jenab M, Jiang G, Khaw KT, Lacroix A, Li Z, Mendelsohn JB, Panico S, Patel AV, Qian ZR, Riboli E, Sesso H, Shen H, Shu XO, Tjonneland A, Tobias GS, Trichopoulos D, Virtamo J, Visvanathan K, Wactawski-Wende J, Wang C, Yu K, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Chanock S, Hoover R, Hartge P, Fuchs CS, Lin D, Wolpin BM. “Genome-Wide Association Study of Survival in Patients with Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma.” Gut. 2012 Nov 24. [Epub ahead of print].
    92. Yasmeen S, Romano PS, Pettinger M, Johnson SR, Hubbell FA, Lane DS, Hendrix SL. “Incidence of Cervical Cytological Abnormalities With Aging in the Women's Health Initiative." Obstet Gynecol 2006;108(2):410-419.
    93. Zschäbitz S, Cheng TY, Neuhouser ML, Zheng Y, Ray RM, Miller JW, Song X, Maneval DR, Beresford SA, Lane D, Shikany JM, Ulrich CM. “B Vitamin Intakes and Incidence of Colorectal Cancer: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study Cohort.” Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Dec 19. [Epub ahead of print].

    Cardiovascular

    1. Allison MA, Manson JE, Langer RD, Aragaki A, Smoller S, Lewis CE, Thomas A, Lawson W, Cochrane BB, Hsia J, Hunt JR, robinson J. “Association Between Different Measures of Blood Pressure and Coronary Artery Calcium in Postmenopausal Women.” Hypertension Nov 2008;52(5):833-840.
    2. Allison MA, Manson JE, Aragaki, et al. “Resting Heart Rate and Coronary Artery Calcium in Postmenopausal Women.” JWH2011 Mar 25. [Epub ahead of print].
    3. Barbalic M, Reiner AP, Wu C, Hixson JE, Franceschini N, Eaton CB, Heiss G, Couper D, Mosley T, Boerwinkle E. “Genome-Wide Association Analysis of Incident Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) in African-Americans: A Short Report.” PLoS Genet. 7(8) [Epub ahead of print].
    4. Belin RJ, Greenland P, Martin L, Oberman A, Tinker L, Robinson J, Larson J, Van Horn L, Lloyd-Jones D. “Fish Intake and the Risk of Incident Heart Failure: the Women's Health Initiative.” Circ Heart Fail. 2011 May 24. [Epub ahead of print].
    5. Belin RJ, Greenland P, Allison M, Martin L, Shikany JM, Larson J, Tinker L, Howard BV, Lloyd-Jones D, and Van Horn L. “Diet Quality and the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI).” Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 May 25. [Epub ahead of print].
    6. Berger JS, Brown DL, Burke GL, Oberman A, Kostis JB, Langer RD, Wong ND, Wassertheil-Smoller S. “Aspirin Use, Dose, and Clinical Outcomes in Postmenopausal Women With Stable Cardiovascular Disease." Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes." 2009 Mar 5. [Epub ahead of print].
    7. Bertoia ML, Allison MA, Manson JE, Freiberg MS, Kuller LH, Solomon AJ, Limacher MC, Johnson KC, Curb JD, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Eaton CB. “Risk Factors for Sudden Cardiac Death in Post-Menopausal Women.” J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Nov 8. [Epub ahead of print].
    8. Carty CL, Buzkova P, Fornage M, et al. “Associations Between Incident Ischemic Stroke Events and Stroke and Cardiovascular Disease-Related GWAS SNPs in the Population Arthitecture Using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Study.” Circulation Cardiovascular Genetics. 2012 Mar 8. [Epub ahead of print].
    9. Chacko SA, Song Y, Manson JE, Van Horn L, Eaton C, Martin LW, McTiernan A, Curb JD, Wylie-Rosett J, Phillips LS, Plodkowski RA, and Liu S. “Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations in Relation to Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Metabolic Syndrome in Postmenopausal Women.” Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 May 25. [Epub ahead of print].
    10. Cook NR, Paynter NP, Eaton CB, Manson JE, Martin LW, Robinson JG, Rossouw JE, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Ridker PM. “Comparison of the Framingham and Reynolds Risk Scores for Global Cardiovascular Risk Prediction in the Multiethnic Women's Health Initiative.” Circulation. 2012 Mar 7. [Epub ahead of print].
    11. Cook NR, Paynter NP, Manson JE, Martin LW, Robinson JG, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Ridker PM. “Clinical Utility of Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 for Cardiovascular Disease Prediction in a Multiethnic Cohort of Women.” Clin Chem. 2012 Aug 2. [Epub ahead of print].
    12. Denes P, Larson JC, Lloyd-Jones DM, Prineas RJ, Greenland P. “Major and Minor ECG Abnormalities in Asymptomatic Women and Risk Of Cardiovascular Events and Mortality.” JAMA 2007 Mar 7;297(9):978-85.
    13. Eaton CB, Abdulbaki AM, Margolis KL, et al. “Racial and Ethnic Differences in Incident Hospitalized Heart Failure in Post Menopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative.” Circulation. 2012 Jul 2. [Epub ahead of print].
    14. Franceschini N, Carty C, Buzková P, Reiner AP, Garrett T, Lin Y, Vöckler JS, Hindorff LA, Cole SA, Boerwinkle E, Lin DY, Bookman E, Best LG, Bella JN, Eaton C, Greenland P, Jenny N, North KE, Taverna D, Young AM, Deelman E, Kooperberg C, Psaty B, Heiss G. “Association of Genetic Variants and Incident Coronary Heart Disease in Multiethnic Cohorts: The PAGE Study.” Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2011 Dec 1;4(6):661-672.
    15. Gorodeski EZ, Ishwaran H, Kogalur UB, Blackstone EH, Hsich E, Zhang Z, Vitolins MZ, Manson JE, Curb JD, Martin LW, Prineas RJ, and Lauer MS. “Use of Hundreds of Electrocardiographic Biomarkers for Prediction of Mortality in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative.” Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2011 Aug 23 [Epub ahead of print].
    16. Howard BV, Criqui MH, Curb JD, Rodabough R, Safford MM, Santoro N, Wilson AC, Wylie-Rossett J. “Risk Factor Clustering in the Insulin Resistance Syndrome and its Relationship to Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian/Pacific Islander Women." Metabolism 2003;3:362-371.
    17. Howard BV, Kuller L, Langer R, Manson JE, Allen C, Assaf A, Cochrane BB, Larson JC, Lasser N, Rainford M, Van Horn L, Stefanick ML, Trevisan M. “Risk of Cardiovascular Disease by Hysterectomy Status, With and Without Oophorectomy: The Women's Health Initiative Observational Study." Circulation 2005;111:1462-1470.
    18. Howard BV. “Dietary Fat and Cardiovascular Disease: Putting the Women's Health Initiative in Perspective.” Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2007 Mar;17(3):171-4. Epub 2007 Feb 21.
    19. Hsia J, Barad D, Margolis K, Rodabough R, McGovern PG, Limacher MC, Oberman A, Smoller S. “Usefulness of Prior Hysterectomy as an Independent Predictor of Framingham Risk Score (The Women's Health Initiative)." Am J Cardiol 2003;92:264-269.
    20. Hsia J, Aragaki A, Bloch M, LaCroix AZ, Wallace R. “Predictors of Angina Pectoris Versus Myocardial Infarction from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study." Am J Cardiol 2004; 93:673-678.
    21. Hsia J, Klouj A, Prasad A, Burt J, Adams-Campbell L, Howard BV. “Progression of Coronary Calcification in Healthy Postmenopausal Women." BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2004;4:21: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2261/4/21.
    22. Hsia J, Margolis KL, Eaton CB, Wenger NK, Allison M, Wu L, LaCroix AZ, Black HR, for the Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “Prehypertension and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in the Women's Health Initiative." Circulation 2007;115:855-860.
    23. Hsia J, Heiss G, Ren H, Allison M, Dolan NC, Greenland P, Heckbert SR, Johnson KC, Manson JE, Sidney S, Trevisan M, for the Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “Calcium/Vitamin D Supplementation and Cardiovascular Events." Circulation 2007;115:846-854.
    24. Hsia J, Larson JC, Ockene JK, Sarto GE, Allison MA, Hendrix SL, Robinson JG, LaCroix AZ, Manson JE, Women's Health Initiative Research Group. "Resting Heart Rate as a Low Tech Predictor of Coronary Events in Women: Prospective Cohort Study." Br Med J 2009 Feb 3. [Epub ahead of print]
    25. Hsia J, Larson JC, Ockene JK, Sarto GE, Allison MA, Hendrix SL, Robinson JG, LaCroix AZ, Manson JE, Women's Health Initiative Research Group. "Resting Heart Rate as a Low Tech Predictor of Coronary Events in Women: Prospective Cohort Study." Br Med J 2009 Feb 3. [Epub ahead of print].
    26. Jacoby VL, Grady D, Wactawski-Wende J, Manson JE, Allison MA, Kuppermann M, Sarto GE, Robbins J, Phillips L, Martin LW, O'Sullivan MJ, Jackson R, Rodabough RJ, and Stefanick ML. “Oophorectomy vs Ovarian Conservation with Hysterectomy: Cardiovascular Disease, Hip Fracture, and Cancer in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.” Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(8):760-768.
    27. Kaplan RC, McGinn AP, Baird AE, Hendrix SL, Kooperberg C, Lynch J, Rosenbaum DM, Johnson KC, Strickler HD, Wassertheil-Smoller S. “Inflammation and Hemostasis Biomarkers for Predicting Stroke in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.” J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2008 Nov-Dec;17(6):344-55.
    28. Khurana C, Rosenbaum CG, Howard BV, Adams-Campbell L, Detrano R, Klouj A, Hsia J. “Coronary Calcification in Black Women and White Women." Am Heart J 2003;145:724-729.
    29. Kim CK, McGorray SP, Bartholomew BA, March M, Dicken T, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Curb JD, Oberman A, Hsia J, Gardin J, Wong ND, Barton B, McMahon RP, Sheps DS. “Depressive Symptoms and Heart Rate Variability in Postmenopausal Women." Arch Intern Med 2005;165:1239-1244.
    30. Klein R, Deng Y, Klein BEK, Hyman L, Seddon J, Frank RN, Wallace RB, Hendrix SL, Kuppermann BD, Langer RD, Kuller L, Brunner R, Johnson KC, Thomas AM, Haan M. “Cardiovascular Disease, Its Risk Factors and Treatment, and Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Women's Health Initiative Sight Exam Ancillary Study." Am J Ophthalmol 2007;143(3):473-483.
    31. Kosoy R, Qi L, Nassir R, Garcia L, Allison M, Shigeta R, Robbins J, Seldin MF. “Relationship Between Hypertension and Admixture in Post-Menopausal African American and Hispanic American Women.” J Hum Hypertens. 2011 May 26. [Epub ahead of print].
    32. Manson JE, Greenland P, LaCroix AZ, Stefanick ML, Mouton CP, Oberman A, Perri MG, Sheps DS, Pettinger MB, Siscovick DS. “Walking Compared with Vigorous Exercise for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Events in Women." N Engl J Med 2002;347: 716-725.
    33. Margolis KL, Manson JE, Greenland P, Rodabough RJ, Bray PF, Safford M, Grimm RH, Howard BV, Assaf AR, Prentice R. “Leukocyte Count as a Predictor of Cardiovascular Events and Mortality in Postmenopausal Women." Arch Intern Med 2005;165:500-508.
    34. Margolis KL, Martin LW, Ray RM, Kerby TJ, Allison MA, Curb JD, Kotchen TA, Liu S, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Manson JE; for the Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “A Prospective Study of Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels, Blood Pressure, and Incident Hypertension in Postmenopausal Women.” Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Nov 29. [Epub ahead of print].
    35. McCall-Hosenfeld JS, Freund KM, Legault C, Jaramillo SA, Cochrane BB, Manson JE, Wenger NK, Eaton CB, McNeeley SG, Rodriguez BL, Bonds D. “Sexual Satisfaction and Cardiovascular Disease: The Women's Health Initiative.” Am J Med April 2008;121(4):295-301.
    36. McTigue K, Larson JC, Valoski A, Burke G, Kotchen J, Lewis CE, Stefanick ML, VanHorn L, Kuller L. “Mortality and Cardiac and Vascular Outcomes in Extremely Obese Women." JAMA 2006;296:79-86.
    37. Miller KA, Siscovick DS, Sheppard L, Shepherd K, Sullivan JH, Anderson GL, Kaufman JD. “Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution and Incidence of Cardiovascular Events in Women." NEJM 2007;356(5):447-458.
    38. Newhouser ML, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Thomson C, Aragaki A, Anderson GL, Manson J, Patterson R, Rohan TE, van Horn L, Shikany JM, Thomas A, LaCroix A, Prentice R."Multivitamin Use and risk of Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease in the Women's Health Initiative Cohorts." Arch Intern Med 2009 Feb 9;169(3):294-304.
    39. Oberman A, Prineas RJ, Larson JC, LaCroix A, Lasser NL. “Prevalence and Determinants of Electrocardiographic Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Among a Multiethnic Population of Postmenopausal Women (The Women's Health Initiative)." Am J Cardiol 2006;97:512-519.
    40. Pradhan A, LaCroix AZ, Langer RD, Trevisan M, Lewis CE, Hsia JA, Oberman A, Kotchen JM, Ridker PM. “Tissue Plasminogen Activator Antigen and D-Dimer as Markers for Atherothrombotic Risk Among Healthy Postmenopausal Women." Circulation 2004;110:292-300.
    41. Prentice RL, Huang Y, Kuller LH, Tinker LF, Horn LV, Stefanick ML, Sarto G, Ockene J, Johnson KC. “Biomarker-calibrated Energy and Protein Consumption and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Among Postmenopausal Women.” Epidemiology. 2011 Jan 4. [Epub ahead of print].
    42. Rautaharju PM, Kooperberg C, Larson JC, LaCroix A. “Electrocardiographic Abnormalities That Predict Coronary Heart Disease Events and Mortality in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative." Circulation 2006;113(4):473-480.
    43. Rautaharju PM, Kooperberg C, Larson JC, LaCroix A. “Electrocardiographic Predictors of Incident Congestive Heart Failure and All-Cause Mortality in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative." Circulation 2006;113(4):481-489.
    44. Rautaharju PM, Prineas RJ, Kadish A, Larson JC, Hsia J, Lund B. “Normal Standards for QT and QT Subintervals Derived from a Large Ethnically Diverse Population of Women Aged 50 to 79 Years: The Women's Health Initiative." Am J Cardiol 2006;97:730-737.
    45. Robinson JG, Wallace R, Limacher M, Sato A, Cochrane B, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Ockene JK, Blanchette PL, Ko MG. “Elderly Women Diagnosed with Nonspecific Chest Pain May be at Increased Cardiovascular Risk." Journal of Women's Health 2007;15(10):1151-1160.
    46. Robinson JG, Wallace R, Limacher M, Ren H. Cochrane B, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Ockene JK, Blanchette PL, Ko MG. “Cardiovascular Risk in Women with Non-Specific Chest Pain from the Women's Health Initiative Hormone Trials.” Am J Cardiol Sep 2008;102(6):693-699.
    47. Rossouw JE, Prentice RL, Manson JE, Aragaki AK, Hsia J, Martin LW, Kuller L, Johnson KC, Eaton C, Jackson R, Trevisan M, Allison M, Hoogeveen RC. “Relationships of Coronary Heart Disease with 27-Hydroxycholesterol, Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, and Menopausal Hormone Therapy.” Circulation. 2012 Aug 29. [Epub ahead of print].
    48. Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Crawford S, Jackson E, Ockene J, Ockene I. “Constipation and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease among Post-Menopausal Women.” Am J Med. 2011 Jun 10. [Epub ahead of print].
    49. Schnall E, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Swencionis C, Zemon V, Tinker L, O'Sullivan MJ, Van Horn L, Goodwin M. “The Relationship between Religion and Cardiovascular Outcomes and All-Cause Mortality in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.” Psychol Health 2008 Nov 17. [Epub ahead of print].
    50. Schwarz EB, Ray RM, Stuebe AM, Allison MA, Ness RB, Freiberg MS, Cauley JA. "Duration of Lactation and Risk Factors for Maternal Cardiovascular Disease." Obstet Gynecol 2009 May;113(5):974-982.
    51. Shah RU, Winkleby MA, Van Horn L, Phillips LS, Eaton CB, Martin LW, Rosal MC, Manson JE, Ning H, Lloyd-Jones DM, and Klein L. “Education, Income, and Incident Heart Failure in Post-Menopausal Women: the Women's Health Initiative Hormone Therapy Trials.” J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011; 58:1457-1464.
    52. Smoller JW, Pollack MH, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Jackson RD, Oberman A, Wong ND, Sheps D. “Panic Attacks and Risk of Incident Cardiovascular Events among Postmenopausal Women in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study." Arch Gen Psychiatry 2007;64:1153-1160.
    53. Smoller JW, Pollack MH, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Brunner R, Curb D, Torner J, Oberman A, Hendrix SL, Hsia J, Sheps DS. “Panic Attacks, Daily Life Ischemia, and Chest Pain in Postmenopausal Women.” Psychosom Med 2006 Nov-Dec;68(6):824-32.
    54. Swerdlow DI, Holmes MV, Kuchnebaeker KB, et al. “The Interleukin-6 Receptor as a Potential Target for Coronary Heart Disease Prevention: Evaluations Using Mendelian Randomisation.” Lancet. 2012 Mar 14. [Epub ahead of print].
    55. Szmuilowicz ED, Manson JE, Rossouw JE, Howard BV, Margolis KL, Greep NC, Brzyski RG, Stefanick ML, O'Sullivan MJ, Wu C, Allison M, Grobbee DE, Johnson KC, Ockene JK, Rodriguez BL, Sarto GE, Vitolins MZ, Seely EW. ”Vasomotor Symptoms and Cardiovascular Events in Postmenopausal Women.” Menopause.” 2011 Feb 19. [Epub ahead of print].
    56. Tindle HA, Chang YF, Kuller LH, Manson JE, Robinson JG, Rosal MC, Siegle GJ, Matthews KA. “Optimism, Cynical Hostility, and Incident Coronary Heart disease and Mortality in the women's Health Initiative." Circulation. 2009 August 10. [Epub ahead of print]
    57. Wang L, Manson JE, Gaziano JM, Liu S, Cochrane B, Cook NR, Ridker PM, Rifai N, and Sesso HD. ”Circulating Inflammatory and Endothelial Markers and Risk of Hypertension in White and Black Postmenopausal Women.” Clin Chem. 2011 Mar 11. [Epub ahead of print].
    58. Wassertheil-Smoller S, Anderson G, Psaty BM, Black HR, Manson J, Wong N, Francis J, Grimm R, Kotchen T, Langer R, Lasser N. “Hypertension and Its Treatment in Postmenopausal Women: Baseline Data from the Women's Health Initiative." Hypertension 2000;36:780-789.
    59. Wassertheil-Smoller S, Shumaker S, Ockene J, Talavera GA, Greenland P, Cochrane B, Robbins J, Aragaki A, Dunbar-Jacob J. “Depression and Cardiovascular Sequelae in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative (WHI)." Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:289-298.
    60. Wassertheil-Smoller S, Psaty B, Greenland P, Oberman A, Kotchen T, Mouton C, Black H, Aragaki A, Trevisan M. “Association Between Cardiovascular Outcomes and Antihypertensive Drug Treatment in Older Women." JAMA 2004;292:2849-2859.
    61. Wenger NK. “Do diet, folic acid, and vitamins matter? What Did We Learn From the Women's Health Initiative, the Women's Health Study, the Women's Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study, and Other Clinical Trials?” Cardiol Rev 2007 Nov-Dec;15(6):288-90.
    62. Whitsel EA, Quibrera PM, Christ SL, Liao D, Prineas RJ, Anderson GL, Heiss G. “Heart Rate Variability, Ambient Particulate Matter Air Pollution, and Glucose Homeostasis: The Environmental Epidemiology of Arrhythmogenesis in the Women's Health Initiative." Am J Epidemiol 2009 Feb 10. [Epub ahead of print]
    63. Zhang Z, Whitsel EA, Quibrera PM, Smith RL, Liao D, Anderson GL, Prineas RJ. “Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Exposure and Myocardial Ischemia in the Environmental Epidemiology of Arrhythmogenesis in the Women's Health Initiative (EEAWHI)." Environ Health Perspect 2009 Jan 23. [Epub ahead of print]

    Cognition and Dementia

    1. Atkinson HH, Rapp SR, Williamson JD, Lovato J, Absher JR, Gass M, Henderson VW, Johnson KC, Kostis JB, Sink KM, Mouton CP, Ockene JK, Stefanick ML, Lane DS, Espeland MA. “The Relationship Between Cognitive function and Physical Performance in Older Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study."J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2009 Sep 29. [Epub ahead of print].
    2. Driscoll I, Espeland MA, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Gaussoin SA, Ding J, Granek IA, Ockene JK, Phillips LS, Yaffe K, Resnick SM. ”Weight Change and Cognitive Function: Findings from the Women's Health Initiative Study of Cognitive Aging.” Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011 Mar 10. [Epub ahead of print].
    3. Dunn JE, Weintraub S, Stoddard AM, Banks S. “Serum Alpha-Tocopherol, Concurrent and Past Vitamin E Intake, and Mild Cognitive Impairment.” Neurology 2007 Feb 27;68(9):670-6.
    4. Espeland MA, Gu L, Masaki KH, Langer RD, Coker LH, Stefanick ML, Ockene J, Rapp SR. “Association between Reported Alcohol Intake and Cognition: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study." Am J Epidemiol 2005;161:228-238.
    5. Espeland MA, Rapp SR, Robertson J, Granek I, Murphy C, Albert M, Bassford T. “Benchmarks for Designing Two-Stage Studies Using Modified Mini-Mental State Examinations: Experience from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study." Clinical Trials 2006;3:99-106.
    6. Espeland MA, Coker LH, Wallace R, Rapp SR, Resnick SM, Limacher M, Powell LH, Messina CR; Women's Health Initiative Study of Cognitive Aging. “Association Between Alcohol Intake and Domain-Specific Cognitive Function in Older Women.” Neuroepidemiology 2006;27(1):1-12.
    7. Espeland MA, Miller ME, Goveas JS, Hogan PE, Coker LH, Williamson J, Naughton M, Resnick SM, For The WHISCA Study Group. “Domain-Specific Cognitive Function and Fine Motor Speed Over Time in Women 65 Years and Older with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Study of Cognitive Aging.” J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2011;20(10):1435-1443.
    8. Espeland MA, Bryan RN, Goveas JS, Robinson JG, Siddiqui MS, Liu S, Hogan PE, Casanova R, Coker LH, Yaffe K, Masaki K, Rossom R, Resnick SM; for the WHIMS-MRI Study Group. “Influence of Type 2 Diabetes on Brain Volumes and Changes in Brain Volumes: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies.” Diabetes Care. 2012 Aug 29. [Epub ahead of print].
    9. Gaussoin SA, Espeland MA, Absher J, Howard BV, Jones BM, Rapp SR. “Ascertaining Dementia-Related Outcomes for Deceased or Proxy-Dependent Participants: An Overview of the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study Supplemental Case Ascertainment Protocol.” Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2011 Mar 18. Epub ahead of print].
    10. Goveas JS, Espeland MA, Woods NF, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Kotchen JM. ”Depressive Symptoms and Incidence of Mild Cognitive Impairment and Probable Dementia in Elderly Women: The Women's Health Initiative Memory Study.” J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Jan;59(1):57-66.
    11. Goveas JS, Espeland MA, Hogan P, Dotson V, Tarima S, Coker LH, Ockene J, Brunner R, Woods NF, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Kotchen JM, Resnick S. ”Depressive Symptoms, Brain Volumes and Subclinical Cerebrovascular Disease in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative MRI Study.” J Affect Disord. 2011 Feb 23. [Epub ahead of print].
    12. Goveas JS, Hogan PE, Kotchen JM, Smoller JW, Denburg NL, Manson JE, Tummala A, Mysiw WJ, Ockene JK, Woods NF, Espeland MA, Wassertheil-Smoller S. “Depressive Symptoms, Antidepressant Use, and Future Cognitive Health in Postmenopausal Women: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study.” Int Psychogeriatr. 2012 Feb 3:1-13. [Epub ahead of print].
    13. Haan M, Espeland MA, Klein BE, Casanova R, Gaussoin SA, Jackson RD, Millen AE, Resnick SM, Rossouw JE, Shumaker SA, Wallace R, Yaffe K, for the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study and the Women's Health Initiative Sight Exam. “Cognitive Function and Retinal and Ischemic Brain Changes.” Neurology. 2012;78:942-949.
    14. Jaramillo SA, Felton D, Andrews L, Desiderio L, Hallarn RK, Jackson SD, Coker LH, Robinson JG, Ockene JK, Espeland MA; Women's Health Initiative Memory Study Research Group. “Enrollment in a Brain Magnetic Resonance Study: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study (WHIMS-MRI).” Acad Radiol 2007 May;14(5):603-12.
    15. Johnson KC, Margolis KL, Espeland MA, Colenda CC, Fillit H, Manson JE, Masaki KH, Mouton CP, Prineas R, Robinson JG, Wassertheil-Smoller S; for the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study and Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “A Prospective Study of the Effect of Hypertension and Baseline Blood Pressure on Cognitive Decline and Dementia in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative Memory Study.” J Am Geriatr Soc 2008 Jul 15. [Epub ahead of print].
    16. Kerwin DR, Gaussoin SA, Chlebowski RT, Kuller LH, Vitolins M, Coker LH, Kotchen JM, Nicklas BJ, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Hoffmann RG, Espeland MA; for the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study. ”Interaction Between Body Mass Index and Central Adiposity and Risk of Incident Cognitive Impairment and Dementia: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study.” J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Jan;59(1):107-112.
    17. Naqvi AZ, Harty B, Mukamal KJ, Stoddard AM, Vitolins M, Dunn JE. “Monounsaturated, Trans, and Saturated Fatty Acids and Cognitive Decline in Women.” J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 May;59(5):837-43.
    18. Rapp S, Espeland M, Hogan P, Jones B, Dugan E.  “Baseline Experience with Modified Mini Mental State Exam: The Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS)." Aging and Mental Health 2003;7(3):217-223.
    19. Rapp S, Espeland M, Shumaker S, Henderson V, Brunner R, Manson J, Gass M, Stefanick M, Lane D, Hays J, Johnson K, Coker L, Dailey M, Bowen D. “Effect of Estrogen Plus Progestin on Global Cognitive Function in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative Memory Study: A Randomized Controlled Trial." JAMA 2003;289:2663-2672.
    20. Resnick SM, Maki PM, Rapp SR, Espeland MA, Brunner R, Coker LH, Granek IA, Hogan P, Ockene JK, Shumaker SA. “Effects of Combination Estrogen Plus Progestin Hormone Treatment on Cognition and Affect." J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006;91:1802-1810.
    21. Resnick SM, Coker LH, Maki PM, Rapp SR, Espeland MA, Shumaker SA. “The Women's Health Initiative Study of Cognitive Aging (WHISCA): A Randomized Clinical Trial of the Effects of Hormone Therapy on Age-Related Cognitive Decline." Clinical Trials 2004;1:440-450.
    22. Rossom RC, Espeland MA, Manson JE, Dysken MW, Johnson KC, Lane DS, LeBlanc ES, Lederle FA, Masaki KH, Margolis KL. “Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation and Cognitive Impairment in the Women's Health Initiative.” J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012 Nov 23. [Epub ahead of print].
    23. Shumaker SA, Reboussin BA, Espeland MA, Rapp SR, McBee WL, Dailey M, Bowen D, Terrell T, Jones BN. “The Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS): A Trial of the Effect of Estrogen Therapy in Preventing and Slowing the Progression of Dementia". Control Clin Trials 1998;Dec;19(6):604-621.
    24. Shumaker S, Legault C, Thal L, Wallace R, Ockene J, Hendrix S, Jones III B, Assaf A, Jackson R, Kotchen JM, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Wactawski-Wende J. “Estrogen Plus Progestin and the Incidence of Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative Memory Study: A Randomized Controlled Trial." JAMA 2003;289:2651-2662.
    25. Shumaker S, Legault C, Kuller L, Rapp S, Thal L, Lane D, Fillit H, Stefanick M, Hendrix S, Lewis CB, Masaki K, Coker L. “Conjugated Equine Estrogens and Incidence of Probable Dementia and Mild Cognitive Impairment in Postmenopausal Women." JAMA 2004;291:2947-2958.

    Design and Methods

    1. Anderson GL, Manson J, Wallace R, Lund B, Hall D, Davis S, Shumaker S, Wang C, Stein E, Prentice R. “Baseline Monograph - Implementation of the WHI Study Design." Ann Epidemiol 2003;13:S5-S17.
    2. Anderson GL, Kooperberg C, Geller N, Rossouw JE, Pettinger M, Prentice RL. “Monitoring and Reporting of The Women's Health Initiative Randomized Hormone Therapy Trials.” ClinTrials 2007;4(3):207-17.
    3. Breslow NE, Amorim G, Pettinger MB, Rossouw J. “Using the Whole Cohort in the Analysis of Case-Control Data.” Stat Biosci. 2013 Jan 24. [Epub ahead of print].
    4. Chen Z, Kooperberg C, Pettinger MB, Bassford T, Cauley JA, LaCroix AZ, Lewis CE, Kipersztok S, Borne C, Jackson R. “Validity of Self-Report for Fractures Among a Multiethnic Cohort of Postmenopausal Women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study and Clinical Trials." Menopause 2004;11(3):264-274.
    5. Cochrane BB, Lund B, Anderson S, Prentice R (2003). “The Women's Health Initiative: Aspects of Management and Coordination." In J. W. Hawkins, L. A. Haggerty (Eds.): Diversity in Health Care Research: Strategies for Multisite, Multidisciplinary, and Multi-Ethnic Projects (pp. 181-207). New York:Springer.
    6. Curb JD, McTiernan A, Heckbert SR, Kooperberg C, Stanford J, Nevitt M, Johnson KC, Proulx-Burns L, Pastore L, Criqui M, Daugherty S. “Outcomes Ascertainment and Adjudication Methods in the Women's Health Initiative." Ann Epidemiol 2003;13:S122-S128.
    7. Fouad MN, Corbie-Smith G, Curb D, Howard BV, Mouton C, Simon M, Talavera G, Thompson J, Wang CY, White C, Young R. “Special Populations Recruitment for the Women's Health Initiative: Successes and Limitations." Controlled Clinical Trials 2004;25:325-352.
    8. Freedman L, Anderson G, Kipnis V, Prentice R, Wang CY, Rossouw J, Wittes J, DeMets D. “Approaches to Monitoring the Results of Long-Term Disease Prevention Trials: Examples from the Women's Health Initiative." Controlled Clinical Trials 1996;17:509-525.
    9. Freedman LS, Midthune D, Carroll RJ, Tasevska N, Schatzkiny A, Mares J, Tinker L, Potischman N, and Kipnis V. “Using Regression Calibration Equations That Combine Self-Reported Intake and Biomarker Measures to Obtain Unbiased Estimates and More Powerful Tests of Dietary Associations.” Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Nov 1. [Epub ahead of print].
    10. Gorfine, Hsu, Prentice. “Estimation of Dependence between Paired Correlated Failure Times in the Presence of Covariate Measurement Error." Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B (Statistical Methodology) 2003;65(3):643.
    11. Gorfine M, Lipshtat N, Freedman LS, Prentice RL. “Linear Measurement Error Models with Restricted Sampling.” Biometrics 2007 Mar;63(1):137-42.
    12. Hays J, Hunt J, Hubbell A, Anderson G, Limacher M, Allen C, Rossouw J. “The WHI Recruitment Methods and Results." Ann Epidemiol 2003;13:S18-S77.
    13. Hebert JR, Patterson RE, Gorfine M, Ebbeling CB, St. Jeor ST, Chlebowski RT. “Differences between Estimated Caloric Requirements and Self-Reported Caloric Intake in the Women's Health Initiative." Ann Epidemiol 2003;13(9):629-637.
    14. Heckbert S, Kooperberg C, Safford M, Psaty B, Hsia J, McTiernan A, Gaziano M, Frishman W, Curb JD. “Comparison of Self-Report, Discharge Diagnosis, and Adjudication of Cardiovascular Events in the WHI." Am J Epidemiol 2004;160:1152-1158.
    15. Johnson SR, Anderson GL, Barad DH, Stefanick ML. “The Women's Health Initiative: Rationale, Design, and Progress Report." Journal of the British Menopause Society 1999;5:155-159.
    16. Larkey LK, Staten LK, Ritenbaugh C, Hall RA, Buller DB, Bassford T, Altimari BR. “Recruitment of Hispanic Women to the Women's Health Initiative: The Case of Embajadoras in Arizona." Controlled Clinical Trials 2002;23:289-298.
    17. Levine DW, Shumaker SA, Naughton MJ, Kaplan RM, Kripke DF, Bowen DJ. “Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance of the Women's Health Initiative Insomnia Rating Scale." Psychological Assessment 2003;15(2):123-136.
    18. Levine DW, Kaplan RM, Kripke DF, Bowen DJ, Naughton MJ, Shumaker SA. “Reliability and Validity of the Women's Health Initiative Insomnia Rating Scale." Psychological Assessment 2003;15(2):137-148.
    19. Levine DW, Dailey ME, Rockhill B, Tipping D, Naughton MJ, Shumaker SA. “Validation of the Women's Health Initiative Insomnia Rating Scale in a Multicenter Controlled Clinical Trial." Psychosomatic Medicine 2005;67:98-104.
    20. Logsdon BA, Carty CL, Reiner AP, Dai JY, Kooperberg C. “A Novel Variational Bayes Multiple Locus Z-Statistic for Genome-Wide Association Studies with Bayesian Model Averaging.” Bioinformatics 2012 May 4. [Epub ahead of print].
    21. Matthews KA, Shumaker SA, Bowen DJ, Langer RD, Hunt JR, Kaplan RM, Klesges RC, Ritenbaugh C. “Women's Health Initiative. Why now? What is it? What's new?" American Psychologist 1997;52:101-116.
    22. McTiernan A, Rossouw J, Manson J, Franzi C, Taylor V, Carleton R, Johnson S, Nevitt M. “Informed Consent in the Women's Health Initiative Clinical Trial and Observational Study." Journal of Women's Health 1995;4:519-529.
    23. Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Henry H, Rodabough R, Bragg C, Brewer A, Freed T, Kinzel L, Pedersen M, Soule O, Vosburg S. “Additional Self-Monitoring Tools in the Dietary Modification Component of the Women's Health Initiative." J Am Diet Assoc 2004;104:76-85.
    24. Patterson RE, Kristal AR, Coates RJ, Tylavsky FA, Ritenbaugh C, Van Horn L, Caggiula AW, Snetselaar L. “Low-Fat Diet Practices of Older Women: Prevalence and Implications for Dietary Assessment." Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1996;96:670-679.
    25. Patterson RE, Kristal AR, Tinker LF, Carter RA, Bolton MP, Agurs-Collins T. “Measurement Characteristics of the Women's Health Initiative Food Frequency Questionnaire." Ann Epidemiol 1999;Apr;9(3):178-187.
    26. Pottala JV, Espeland MA, Polreis J, Robinson J, Harris WS. “Correcting the Effects of -20°C Storage and Aliquot Size on Erythrocyte Fatty Acid Content in the Women's Health Initiative.” Lipids. 2012 Jul 11. [Epub ahead of print].
    27. Prentice RL, Anderson G, Cummings S, Freedman LS, Furberg C, Henderson M, Johnson SR, Kuller L, Manson J, Oberman A, Prentice RL, Rossouw JE. “Design of the Women's Health Initiative Clinical Trial and Observational Study." Controlled Clinical Trials 1998;19:61-109.
    28. Prentice R, Rossouw JR, Johnson, SR, Freedman LS, McTiernan A. “The Role of Randomized Controlled Trial's in Assessing the Benefits and Risks of Long-Term Hormone Replacement Therapy: Example of the Women's Health Initiative." Menopause, 1996;3:71-76.
    29. Prentice RL. “Observational Studies, Clinical Trials, and the Women's Health Initiative.” Lifetime Data Anal 2007 Dec;13(4):449-62.
    30. Rossouw JE, Finnegan LP, Harlan WR, Pinn VW, Clifford C, McGowan JA. “The Evolution of the Women's Health Initiative: Perspectives from the NIH." Journal of the American Medical Women's Association 1995;50:50-55.
    31. Rossouw JE, Hurd S. “The Women's Health Initiative: Recruitment Complete--Looking Back and Looking Forward." J Women's Health 1999;Jan-Feb;8(1):3-5.
    32. Rossouw JE, Anderson GL, Oberman A. “Baseline Monograph - Forword." Ann Epidemiol 2003;13:S1-S4.
    33. Tinker LF, Burrows ER, Henry H, Patterson R, Rupp J, Van Horn L. “The Women's Health Initiative: Overview of the Nutrition Components." In: Nutrition and Women's Health, D.A. Krummel and P.M. Kris-Etherton eds., Gaithersburg, MD, Aspen Publishers, pp. 510-542, 1996.
    34. Wang CY, Anderson G, Prentice R. “Estimation of the Correlation Between Nutrient Intake Measures Under Restricted Sampling." Biometrics 1999;55:711-717.
    35. Wilcox S, Shumaker SA, Bowen DJ, Naughton MJ, Rosal MC, Ludlam SE, Dugan E, Hunt JR, Stevens S. “Promoting Adherence and Retention to Clinical Trials in Special Populations: A Women's Health Initiative Workshop." Controlled Clinical Trials 2001;22(3):279-289.
    36. Yang S, Prentice R. “Estimation of the 2-Sample Hazard Ratio Function Using a Semiparametric Model.” Biostatistics. 2011 Apr;12(2):354-68.
    37. Yasmeen S, Romano PS, Pettinger M, Chlebowski RT, Robbins JA, Lane DS, Hendrix SL. “Frequency and Predictive Value of a Mammographic Recommendation for Short-Interval Follow-Up." J Natl Cancer Inst 2003;95:429-436.

    Diet

    1. Beresford SAA, Johnson KC, Ritenbaugh C et al. “Low-Fat Dietary Pattern and Risk of Colorectal Cancer: The Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial." JAMA 2006;295:643-654.
    2. Bowen DJ, Ehret C, Pederson M, Snetselaar L, Johnson M, Tinker L, Hollinger D, Lichty I, Bland K, Sivertsen D, Ocken D, Staats L, Beedoe JW. “Results of an Adjunct Dietary Intervention Program in the Women's Health Initiative." JADA 2002;102:1631-1637.
    3. Carty CL, Kooperberg C, Neuhouser ML, Tinker L, Howard B, Wactawski-Wende J, Beresford SA, Snetselaar L, Vitolins M, Allison M, Budrys N, Prentice R, and Peters U. “Low-Fat Dietary Pattern and Change in Body-Composition Traits in the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial." Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Dec 22. [Epub ahead of print].
    4. Casso D, White E, Patterson RE, Agurs-Collins T, Kooperberg C, Haines PS. “Correlates of Serum Lycopene in Older Women." Nutrition and Cancer 2000;36:163-169.
    5. Glanz K, Murphy S, Moyan J, Evensen D, Curb JD. “Improving Dietary Self-Monitoring and Adherence with Hand-Held Computers: A Pilot Study." AJHP 2006;20(3):165-170.
    6. Van Horn L, Tian L, Neuhouser ML, Howard BV, Eaton CB, Snetselaar L, Matthan NR, Lichtenstein AH. “Dietary Patterns are Associated with Disease Risk among Participants in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.” J Nutr. 2011 Dec 21. [Epub ahead of print].
    7. Howard BV, Manson JE, Stefanick ML, Beresford SA, Frank G, Jones B, Rodabough RJ, Snetselaar L, Thomson C, Tinker L, Vitolins M, Prentice R. “Low-Fat Dietary Pattern and Weight Change Over 7 Years: The Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial." JAMA 2006;295:39-49.
    8. Howard BV, Van Horn L, Hsia J, et al. “Low-Fat dietary Pattern and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: The Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial." JAMA 2006;295:655-666.
    9. Hsia J, Rodabough R, Rosal M, Cochrane B, Howard BV, Snetselaar L, Frishman WH, Stefanick ML. “Compliance with National Cholesterol Education Program Dietary and Lifestyle Guidelines among Older Women with Self-Reported Hypercholesterolemia: The Women's Health Initiative." Am J Med 2002;113:384-392.
    10. Kabat GC, Shikany JM, Beresford SAA, Caan B, Neuhouser ML, Tinker LF, Rohan TE. “Dietary Carbohydrate, Glycemic Index, and Glycemic Load in Relation to Colorectal Cancer Risk in the Women's Health Initiative.” Cancer Causes Control 2008 Jul 10. [Epub ahead of print]
    11. Keith SW, Wang C, Fontaine KR, Cowan CD, Allison DB. “BMI and Headache Among Women: Results from 11 Epidemiologic Datasets.” Obesity (Silver Spring) 2008 Feb;16(2):377-83.
    12. Kroenke CH, Caan BJ, Stefanick ML, Anderson G, Brzyski R, Johnson KC, Leblanc E, Lee C, La Croix AZ, Park HL, Sims ST, Vitolins M, Wallace R. “Effects of a Dietary Intervention and Weight Change on Vasomotor Symptoms in the Women's Health Initiative.” Menopause. 2012 Jul 9. [Epub ahead of print].
    13. Ma Y, Hebert JR, Li W, Bertone-Johnson ER, Olendzki B, Pagoto SL, Tinker L, Rosal MC, Ockene IS, Ockene JK, Griffith JA, Liu S. “Association between Dietary Fiber and Markers of Systemic Inflammation in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.” Nutrition Oct 2008;24(10):941-949.
    14. Manson JE, Lewis CE, Kotchen JM, Allen C, Johnson KC, Stefanick M, Foreyt J, Klesges R, Tinker L, Noonan E, Perri M, Hall D. “Ethnic, Socioeconomic, and Lifestyle Correlates of Obesity in U.S. Women: The Women's Health Initiative." Clinical Journal of Women's Health 2001;1(5)225-234
    15. Margolis KL, Wei F, de Boer IH, Howard BV, Liu S, Manson JE, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Phillips LS, Shikany JM, Tinker LF; for the Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “A Diet High in Low-Fat Dairy Products Lowers Diabetes Risk in Postmenopausal Women.” J Nutr. 2011 Sep 21. [Epub ahead of print].
    16. McTiernan A, Wu L, Chen C, Chlebowski R, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Modugno F, Perri MG, Stanczyk FZ, Van Horn L, Wang CY, Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “Relation of BMI and Physical Activity to Sex Hormones in Postmenopausal Women.” Obesity (Silver Spring) 2006 Sep;14(9):1662-77.
    17. McTiernan A, Wactawski-Wende J, Wu L, Rodabough RJ, Watts NB, Tylavsky F, Freeman R, Hendrix S, Jackson R. "Low-Fat, Increased Fruit, Vegetable, and Grain Dietary Pattern, Fractures, and Bone Mineral Density: The Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial." Am J Clin Nutr April 29, 2009 [Epub ahead of print].
    18. Mossavar-Rahmani Y & Tinker LF. “Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Randomized Controlled Trial.” In: D'Agostino RB et al, eds. Wiley encyclopedia of clinical trials. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 2008.
    19. Neuhouser M, Tinker LF, Thomson C, Caan B, Van Horn L, Snetselaar L, Parker LM, Patterson RE, Robinson-O'Brien R, Beresford SAA, Shikany JM. “Development of a Glycemic Index Database for Food Frequency Questionnaires Used in Epidemiologic Studies." J Nutr 2006;136:1604-1609.
    20. Neuhouser ML, Tinker L, Shaw PA, Schoeller D, Bingham SA, Van Horn L, Beresford SAA, Caan B, Thomson C, Satterfield S, Kuller L, Heiss G, Smit E, Sarto G, Ockene J, Stefanick ML, Assaf A, Runswick S, Prentice RL. “Use of Recovery Biomarkers to Calibrate Nutrient Consumption Self-Reports in the Women's Health Initiative.” Am J Epidemiol<\i> 2008;167(10):1247-1259.
    21. Neuhouser ML, Howard B, Lu J, Tinker LF, Van Horn L, Caan B, Rohan T, Stefanick ML, Thomson CA. “A Low-Fat Dietary Pattern and Risk of Metabolic Syndrome in Postmenopausal Women: the Women's Health Initiative.” Metabolism. 2012 [Epub ahead of print].
    22. Patterson R, Caan B, Kristal A, Lillington L, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Rodabough R, Simon M, Snetselaar L, Van Horn L. “Changes in Food Sources of Dietary Fat in Response to Intensive Low-Fat Dietary Intervention: Early Results from the Women's Health Initiative." JADA April 2003;103:454-459.
    23. Prentice RL, Caan B, Chlebowski R, et al. “Low-Fat Dietary Pattern and Risk of Invasive Breast Cancer: The Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial." JAMA 2006;295:629-642.
    24. Prentice RL, Thomson CA, Caan B, Hubbell FA, Anderson GL, Beresford SAA, Pettinger M, Lane DS, Lessin L, Yasmeen S, Singh B, Khandekar J, Shikany JM, Satterfield S, Chlebowski RT. “Low-Fat Dietary Pattern and Cancer Incidence in the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Randomized Controlled Trial." J Natl Cancer Inst 2007;99:1534-1543.
    25. Prentice RL, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Huang Y, Van Horn L, Beresford SA, Caan B, Tinker L, Schoeller D, Bingham S, Eaton CB, Thomson C, Johnson KC, Ockene J, Sarto G, Heiss G and Neuhouser ML. “Evaluation and Comparison of Food Records, Recalls, and Frequencies for Energy and Protein Assessment Using Recovery Biomarkers.” Am J Epidemiol. 2011 Jul 15. [Epub ahead of print].
    26. Ritenbaugh C, Patterson R, Chlebowski R, Caan B, Tinker L, Howard B, Ockene J. “The WHI DM Trial: Overview and Baseline Characteristics of Participants." Ann Epidemiol 2003;13:S87-S97.
    27. Rohan TE, Negassa A, Caan B, Chlebowski RT, Curb JD, Ginsberg M, Lane DS, Neuhouser ML, Shikany JM, Wassertheil-Smoller S, Page DL. “Low-Fat Dietary Pattern and Risk of Benign Proliferative Breast Disease: A Randomized, Controlled Dietary Modification Trial.” Cancer Prev Research 2008 Jul 9. [Epub ahead of print].
    28. Shaw PA, Prentice RL. “Hazard Ratio Estimation for Biomarker-Calibrated Dietary Intake Exposures.” Biometrics. 2012 Jun;68(2):397-407.
    29. Shikany JM, Margolis KL, Pettinger M, Jackson RD, Limacher MC, Liu S, Phillips LS, and Tinker LF. “Effects of a Low-Fat dietary Intervention on Glucose, Insulin, and Insulin Resistance in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) Dietary Modification Trial.” Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 May 11. [Epub ahead of print].
    30. Shikany JM, Redden DT, Neuhouser ML, Chlebowski RT, Rohan TE, Simon MS, Liu S, Lane DS, Tinker L. “Dietary Glycemic Load, Glycemic Index, and Carbohydrate and Risk of Breast Cancer in the Women's Health Initiative.” Nutr Cancer. 2011 Jun 29. [Epub ahead of print].
    31. Sorensen MD, Kahn AJ, Reiner AP, Tseng TY, Shikany JM, Wallace RB, Chi T, Wactawski-Wende J, Jackson RD, O'Sullivan MJ, Sadetsky N, Stoller ML; WHI Working Group. “Impact of Nutritional Factors on Incident Kidney Stone Formation: A Report From the WHI OS.” J Urol. 2012 Mar 14. [Epub ahead of print].
    32. Thomson CA, Stanaway JD, Neuhouser ML, et al. “Nutrient Intake and Anemia Risk in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.” J Am Diet Assoc. 2011;111:532-541.
    33. Tinker LF, Rosal MC, Young AF, Perri MG, Patterson RE, Van Horn L, Assaf AR, Bowen DJ, Ockene J, Hays J, Wu L. “Predictors of dietary change and maintenance in the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial.” J Am Diet Assoc 2007 Jul;107(7):1155-65.
    34. Tinker LF, Bonds DE, Margolis KL, Manson JE, Howard BV, Larson J, Perri MG, Beresford SAA, Robinson JG, Rodriguez B, Safford MM, Wenger NK, Stevens VJ, Parker LM. “Low-Fat Dietary Pattern and Risk of Treated Diabetes Mellitus in Postmenopausal Women: The Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial.” Arch Intern Med Jul 2008;168(14):1500-1511.
    35. Tinker LF, Sarto GE, Howard BV, Huang Y, Neuhouser ML, Mossavar-Rahmani Y, Beasley JM, Margolis KL, Eaton CB, Phillips LS, and Prentice RL. “Biomarker-Calibrated Dietary Energy and Protein Intake Associations With Diabetes Risk Among Postmenopausal Women From the Women's Health Initiative.” Am J Clin Nutr. 2011 Nov 9. [Epub ahead of print].
    36. Women's Health Initiative Study Group. “Dietary Adherence in the Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification Trial." J Am Diet Assoc April 2004;104(4):654-658.

    Hormone Therapy

    1. Allison MA, Manson JE. “Hormone Replacement Therapy.” In: Encyclopedia of Epidemiology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications,2007:503-10.
    2. Allison MA, Manson JE, Langer RD, Carr JJ, Rossouw JE, Pettinger MB, Phillips L, Cochrane BB, Eaton CB, Greenland P, Hendrix S, Hsia J, Hunt JR, Jackson RD, Johnson KC, Kuller LH, Robinson J; Women's Health Initiative and Women's Health Initiative Coronary Artery Calcium Study Investigators. “Oophorectomy, Hormone Therapy, and Subclinical Coronary Artery Disease in Women with Hysterectomy: The Women's Health Initiative Coronary Artery Calcium Study.” Menopause 2008 Jul-Aug;15(4 Pt 1): 639-47.
    3. Anderson GL, Judd HL, Kaunitz AM, Barad DH, Beresford SAA, Pettinger M, Jiu J, McNeeley SG, Lopez AM. “Effects of Estrogen Plus Progestin on Gynecologic Cancers and Associated Diagnostic Procedures: The Women's Health Initiative Randomized Trial." JAMA 2003;290:1739-1748.
    4. Anderson GL, Chlebowski RT, Rossouw JE, Rodabough RJ, McTiernan A, Margolis KL, Aggerwal A, Curb JD, Hendrix SL, Hubbell FA, Khandekar J, Lane DS, Lasser N, Lopez AM, Potter J, Ritenbaugh C. “Prior Hormone Therapy and Breast Cancer Risk in the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Trial of Estrogen Plus Progestin." Maturitas 2006;55:103-115.
    5. Barad D, Kooperberg C, Wactawski-Wende J, Liu J, Hendrix SL, Watts NB. “Prior Oral Contraception and Postmenopausal Fracture: A Women's Health Initiative Observational Cohort Study." Fertil Steril 2005;84(2):374-383.
    6. Barnabei VM, Cochrane BB, Aragaki AK, Nygaard I, Williams RS, McGovern PG, Young RL, Wells EC, O'Sullivan MJ, Chen B, Schenken R, Johnson SR. “Menopausal Symptoms and Treatment-Related Effects of Estrogen and Progestin in the Women's Health Initiative." Obstet Gynecol 2005;105:1063-73.
    7. Bonds D, Lasser N, Qi L, Brzyski R, Caan B, Heiss G, Limacher MC, Liu JG, Mason E, Oberman A, O'Sullivan MJ, Phillips LS, Prineas RJ, Tinker L. “The Effect of Conjugated Equine Oestrogen on Diabetes Incidence: The Women's Health Initiative Randomised Trial." Diabetologia 2006;49:459-468.
    8. Bray PF, Larson JC, LaCroix AZ, Manson J, Limacher MC, Rossouw JE, Lasser NL, Lawson WE, Stefanick ML, Langer RD, Margolis KL; Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “Usefulness of Baseline Lipids and C-Reactive Protein in Women Receiving Menopausal Hormone Therapy as Predictors of Treatment-Related Coronary Events.” Am J Cardiol 2008 Jun 1;101(11):1599-1605.
    9. Brunner RL, Gass M, Aragaki A, Hays J, Granek I, Woods N, Mason E, Brzyski R, Ockene J, Assaf A, LaCroix A, Matthews K, Wallace R. “Effects of Conjugated Equine Estrogen on Health-Related Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women with Hysterectomy: Results from the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Clinical Trial." Arch Intern Med 2005;165:1976-1986.
    10. Casanova R, Espeland MA, Goveas JS, Davatzikos C, Gaussoin SA, Maldjian JA, Brunner RL, Kuller LH, Johnson KC, Mysiw WJ, Wagner B, Resnick SM; for the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study. ”Application of Machine Learning Methods to Describe the Effects of Conjugated Equine Estrogens Therapy on Region-Specific Brain Volumes.” Magn Reson Imaging. 2011 Feb 1. [Epub ahead of print].
    11. Cauley JA, Robbins J, Chen Z, Cummings SR, Jackson RD, LaCroix AZ, LeBoff M, Lewis CE, McGowan J, Neuner J, Pettinger M, Stefanick ML, Wactawski-Wende J, Watts NB. “Effects of Estrogen Plus Progestin on Risk of Fracture and Bone Mineral Density." JAMA 2003;290(13):1729-1738.
    12. Chen Z, Bassford T, Green SB, Cauley JA, Jackson RD, LaCroix AZ, Leboff M, Stefanick ML, Margolis KL. “Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy and Body Composition--A Substudy of the Estrogen Plus Progestin Trial of the Women's Health Initiative." Am J Clin Nutr 2005;82:651-6.
    13. Chen Z, Beck T, Cauley JA, Lewis CE, LaCroix A, Bassford T, Wu G, Sherrill D, Going S. “Hormone Therapy Improves Femur Geometry Among Ethnically Diverse Postmenopausal Participants in the Women's Health Initiative Hormone Intervention Trials.” J Bone Miner Res Dec 2008;23(12):1935-1945.
    14. Chlebowski R, Hendrix SL, Langer RD, Stefanick M, Gass M, Lane D, Rodabough R, Gilligan MA, Cyr M, Thomson C, Khandekar J, Petrovitch H, McTiernan A. “Influence of Estrogen Plus Progestin on Breast Cancer and Mammography in Healthy Postmenopausal Women: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Trial." JAMA 2003;289:3243-3253.
    15. Chlebowski RT, Kim JA, Col NF. “Estrogen Deficiency Symptom Management in Breast Cancer Survivors in the Changing Context of Menopausal Hormone Therapy." Seminars in Oncology (December) 2004;30(6):776-788.
    16. Chlebowski RT, Wactawski-Wende J, Ritenbaugh C, Hubbell FA, Ascensao J, Rondabough RJ, Rosenberg CA, Taylor VM, Harris R, Chan C, Adams-Campbell LL, White E. “Estrogen plus Progestin and Colorectal Cancer in Postmenopausal Women." N Engl J Med 2004;350:991-1004.
    17. Chlebowski RT, Anderson GL, Lane DS, Aragaki AK, Rohan T, Yasmeen S, Sarto G, Rosenberg CA, Hubbell FA, for the Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “Predicting Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women by Hormone Receptor Status." J Natl Cancer Inst 2007;99:1695-1705.
    18. Chlebowski RT, Anderson G, Pettinger M, Lane D, Langer RD, Gillian MA, Walsh BW, Chen C, McTiernan A, for the Women's Health Initiative Investigators. “Estrogen Plus Progestin and Breast Cancer Detection by Means of Mammography and Breast Biopsy." Arch Intern Med. 2008;168(4):370-377.
    19. Chlebowski RT, Prentice RL. “Menopausal Hormone Therapy in BRACA1 Mutation Carriers: Uncertainty and Caution.” JNCI 2008 Sep 23. [Epub ahead of print]
    20. Chlebowski RT, Kuller LH, Prentice RL, Stefanick ML, Manson JE, Gass M, Aragaki AK, Ockene JK, Lane DS, Sarto GE, Rajkovic A, Schenken R, Hendrix SL, Ravdin PM, Rohan TE, Yasmeen S, Anderson G, Women's Health Initiative Investigators. "Breast Cancer After Use of Estrogen plus Progestin in Postmenopausal Women." N Engl J Med 2009 Feb 5;360(6):573-587.
    21. Cirillo D, Wallace R, Rodabough R, Greenland P, LaCroix A, Limacher M, Larson J. “Effect of Estrogen Therapy on Gallbladder Disease." JAMA 2005;293(3):330-339.
    22. Cirillo DJ, Wallace RB, Wu LL, Yood RA. “Effect of Hormone Therapy on Risk of Hip and Knee Replacement in the Women's Health Initiative." Arthritis & Rheumatism 2006;54(10):3194-3204.
    23. Coker LH, Hogan PE, Bryan NR, Kuller LH, Margolis KL, Bettermann K, Wallace RB, Lao Z, Freeman R, Stefanick ML, Shumaker SA. “Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy and Subclinical Cerebrovascular Disease: The WHIMS-MRI Study." Neurology 2009;72(2):125-134.
    24. Col NF, Chlebowski RT. “Risks and Benefits of Therapy with Menopausal Hormones Versus Selective Estrogen-Receptor Modulators in Peri- and Postmenopausal Women at Increased Breast Cancer Risk.” Menopause 2008 Jul-Aug;15(4 Suppl):804-9.
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    106. Yaemsiri S, Sen S, Tinker L, Rosamond W, Wassertheil-Smoller S, He K. “Trans Fat, Aspirin, and Ischemic Stroke in Postmenopausal Women.” Ann Neurol. 2012 Feb 1. [Epub ahead of print].
    107. You NC, Chen BH, Song Y, et al. “A Prospective Study of Leukocyte Telomere Length and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Postmenopausal Women.” Diabetes. 2012 Jul 24. [Epub ahead of print].
    108. Zhang ZM, Whitsel EA, Quibrera PM, Smith RL, Liao D, Anderson GL, Prineas RJ. "Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Exposure and Myocardial ischemia in the Environmental Epidemiology of Arrhythmogenesis in the Women's Health Initiative (EEAWHI)." Environ Health Perspect 2009 [Epub ahead of print].
    109. Zhang ZM, Rautaharju PM, Soliman EZ, Manson JE, Cain ME, Martin LW, Bavry AA, Mehta L, Vitolins M, Prineas RJ. “Mortality Risk Associated with Bundle Branch Blocks and Related Repolarization Abnormalities (from the Women's Health Initiative [WHI]).” Am J Cardiol. 2012 Aug 1. [Epub ahead of print].
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    Pelvic Prolapse and Urinary Incontinence

    1. Bradley CS, Zimmerman MB, Qi Y, Nygaard IE. “Natural History of Pelvic Organ Prolapse in Postmenopausal Women.” Obstet Gynecol 2007 Apr;109(4):848-54.
    2. Bradley CS, Zimmerman MB, Wang Q, Nygaard IE, for the Women's Health Initiative. “Vaginal Descent and Pelvic Floor Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women: A Longitudinal Study.” Obstet Gynecol May 2008;111(5):1148-1153.
    3. Handa VL, Garret E, Hendrix S, Gold E, Robbins J. “Progression and Remission of Pelvic Organ Prolapse: A Longitudinal Study of Menopausal Women." Am J Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;190:27-32.
    4. Hendrix SL, Clark A, Nygaard I, Aragaki A, Barnabei V, McTiernan A. “Pelvic Organ Prolapse in the Women's Health Initiative: Gravity and Gravidity." Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002;186:1160-1166.
    5. Kudish BI, Iglesia CB, Sokol RJ, Cochrane B, Richter HE, Larson J, Hendrix SL, Howard BV. "Effect of Weight Change on Natural History of Pelvic Organ Prolapse." Obstet Gynecol 2009 Jan;113(1):81-88.
    6. Kudish, BI, Iglesia CB, Gutman RE, Sokol AI, Rodgers, AK, Gass M, O'Sullivan MJ, Larson J, Abu-Sitta M, Howard BV. “Risk Factors for Prolapse Development in White, Black, and Hispanic Women.” Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2011 Mar-Apr 17;2:80-90.
    7. Nygaard I, Bradley C, Brandt D. “Pelvic Organ Prolapse in Older Women: Prevalence and Risk Factors." Obstetrics and Gynecology 2004;104(3):489-497.
    8. Pal L, Hailpern SM, Santoro NF, Freeman R, Barad D, Kipersztok S, Barnabei VM, Wassertheil-Smoller S. “Increased Incident Hip Fractures in Postmenopausal Women with Moderate to Severe Pelvic Organ Prolapse.” Menopause. 2011 Jul 1. [Epub ahead of print].
    9. Pastore LM, Carter RA, Hulka BS, Wells E. “Self-Reported Urogenital Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women: Women's Health Initiative." Maturitas 2004;49:292-303.

     

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