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Report of the Task Force on Behavioral Research in Cardiovascular, Lung, and Blood Health and Disease

The Report of the Task Force on Behavioral Research in Cardiovascular, Lung, and Blood Health and Disease reviews the current status and prospects for behavioral research into disease risk, risk factor reduction, and treatment for heart, vascular, lung, and blood diseases, and sleep disorders. Part I, Behavioral Antecedents of Disease, deals with two main topics: the extent to which behavioral factors increase risk for cardiovascular and lung diseases, and the influences of these factors on the pathophysiology of disease and the expression of symptoms. In addition to its emphasis on behavioral factors, Part I also includes a review of experimental and clinical research on physiological processes that link behavior with disease.

Part II, Behavioral Interventions: Prevention and Management of Disease, focuses on applied behavioral research. Interventions to reduce the risk of disease or improve disease management are described. Concluding this part of the report is a discussion of key issues for improving health outcomes: ensuring adequate adherence to treatment regimens and evaluating the effect of disease and medical treatments on patients’ quality of life.

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