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RECOMMENDATIONS RELATED TO PREVENTION POTENTIALLY DESERVING INCREASED EMPHASIS (listed by task force or workshop)


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[Note: recommendations from 1999 Workshops and Conferences are currently being compiled]

  • Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention of CVD, 1994
    Areas that are the most underrepresented and would most merit expansion are:
    1. improvement of population-wide prevention strategies, especially through the understudied settings of the worksite and health care settings;
    2. development of technical resources and improved measurement techniques, especially in the "behavioral" spheres of diet, physical activity, and stress;
    3. improved measurement techniques to allow more precise characterization of behaviors in order to better examine gene-environment interactions;
    4. "translational" research examining effective approaches to dissemination and implementation of evidence-based recommendations and proven intervention programs; and
    5. research training programs.

  • Conference on Socioeconomic Status and Cardiovascular Health and Disease, 1995
    Areas that would benefit most from further work are:
    1. elucidating the mechanisms by which conditions of everyday life for lower-SES groups--exposures during prenatal life, infancy, and childhood especially--contribute to adverse patterns of lifestyles, behaviors, risk factors, and psychosocial traits;
    2. better understanding of the potential contribution of stress reduction in modifying risk factors and subsequent CVD morbidity/mortality; and
    3. population-based intervention research with persons from lower-SES groups of various ethnicities.

  • Task Force on Behavioral Research in Cardiovascular, Lung, and Blood Health and Disease, 1998
    Three broad area are identified as needing the most further development:
    1. research aimed at validating psychosocial measures in demographically heterogeneous populations;
    2. research that targets gene/environment (behavior) interactions and genetic influences on the development of behavioral risk factors for heart disease; and
    3. research that specifically targets motivational aspects of health behaviors.



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