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November 17, 2015

Specific dosage of sickle cell drug increases survival rate

WHAT: An analysis by National Institutes of Health researchers has shown that people with sickle cell anemia who took the drug hydroxyurea at the recommended dose had higher survival rates than those who took less than the recommended dose. The findings appear in the journal PLOS ONE.

November 16, 2015

NIH researchers find potential target for reducing obesity-related inflammation

Scientists at the National Institutes of Health have identified a potential molecular target for reducing obesity-related inflammation. Researchers have known that overeating (that is, excess calorie consumption) by individuals with obesity often triggers inflammation, which has been linked to such diseases as asthma and Type 2 diabetes. In their study, published recently in The Journal of Clinical Investigation (Nov.

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November 17, 2015 : Journal of the American Medical Association

NHLBI-supported study finds that among young children with histories of recurrent severe lower respiratory tract illnesses (RTI), the use of azithromycin early during an apparent RTI compared with placebo reduced the likelihood of severe lower respiratory tract illnesses. 

October 20, 2015 : Johns Hopkins Medicine

A federally funded analysis of MRI scans of the aging hearts of nearly 3,000 adults shows significant differences in the way male and female hearts change over time. Results of the research, led by investigators at Johns Hopkins with funding from NHLBI, do not explain exactly what causes the sex-based differences but they may shed light on different forms of heart failure seen in men and women that may require the development of gender-specific treatments, the scientists say.