Do You Have Diabetes?
Have Your Blood Glucose Checked
Your doctor can test your fasting blood glucose.
Check the chart to see if your blood glucose level is normal.
Juan says: "My doctor told me I need to know the ABCs of diabetes control to prevent and control type 2 diabetes."
What Are the ABCs of Diabetes Control?
- A is for the A1C test. This test measures how your blood glucose has been for the last 3 months. It lets you know if your blood glucose has been under control. Get this test done at least twice a year.
Number to aim for: less than 7%
- B is for blood pressure. The higher your blood pressure, the harder your heart has to work. Get your blood pressure checked at every doctor's visit.
Numbers to aim for: below 130/80 mmHg
- C is for cholesterol. "Bad" cholesterol—or LDL—builds up and clogs your arteries. Get your blood cholesterol tested at least once a year.
Number to aim for: below 100 mg/dL
Be Sure To Ask Your Doctor
- What are the results of my A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol tests?
- If my numbers are not normal, what actions should I take to lower my ABC numbers?
- How can I find a local diabetes program for education and support?
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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Public Health Service
National Institutes of Health
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
NIH Publication No. 08-6355