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Health Information for the Public

What Is the Metabolic Syndrome?

The metabolic syndrome is a group of factors that increase your chances of developing heart disease or stroke. The metabolic syndrome also increases your risk for diabetes.

Mario says: "I have the metabolic syndrome. Five factors make up this syndrome and can cause trouble for your heart. My doctor said that you only need three of the five factors to have the metabolic syndrome. I am working with my doctor to decrease these factors."

Do you have the metabolic syndrome?

Having three or more of these factors means you have the metabolic syndrome.

Check the factors you have:


  • More than 35 inches for women

  • More than 40 inches for men



  • Less than 50 mg/dL for women

  • Less than 40 mg/dL for men



If you have three or more of these factors, talk to your doctor about the metabolic syndrome.

Follow the Gómez family’s plan on the next page if you have the metabolic syndrome.

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Public Health Service
National Institutes of Health
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
NIH Publication No. 08-6353
June 2008

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