As with any surgery, a tracheostomy procedure can cause complications. Some complications are more likely to occur soon after the procedure is done. Others are more likely to happen over time.
Some complications are related to the tube that is put through the tracheostomy into the windpipe (the trach tube).
Proper care and handling of the tracheostomy and the tubes and other related supplies can help reduce risks.
Complications that can occur shortly after surgery include:
Over time, other complications can develop. For example, infections may scar the windpipe. A fistula (FIS-tu-lah), or abnormal connection, may form between the windpipe and esophagus. (The esophagus is the passage leading from your mouth to your stomach.)
Some complications are related to the trach tube. For example, the tube may slip or fall out of the tracheostomy. Other problems include:
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