Making other heart healthy lifestyle changes while following the DASH eating plan is the best way to prevent or control high blood pressure. For example, try to maintain a healthy weight, be physically active, make healthy eating choices, and don't smoke.
Maintaining a healthy weight is an important part of a heart healthy lifestyle. If you're overweight or obese, you can lose weight while following the DASH eating plan. By reducing your daily calorie intake by 500 to 1,000 calories, you can slowly lose weight.
A weight loss of 1 to 2 pounds a week is do-able, safe, and will help you keep off the weight. To create a weight-loss or weight-maintenance plan that's right for you, talk with your doctor or a registered dietitian.
For more information about maintaining a healthy weight or losing weight, go to the Health Topics Overweight and Obesity article.
Physical activity also is an important part of a heart healthy lifestyle. You can gain health benefits from as little as 60 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week. Walking is an excellent heart healthy activity. The more active you are, the more you'll benefit.
To get started and stay active, make physical activity part of your daily routine, keep track of your progress, and be active and safe.
If you have a heart problem or chronic disease—such as high blood pressure, heart disease, or diabetes—ask your doctor what types of physical activity are safe for you.
You also should ask your doctor about safe physical activities if you have symptoms such as chest pain or dizziness.
For more information about physical activity, go to the Health Topics Physical Activity and Your Heart article.
While following the DASH eating plan, choose and prepare foods with less sodium (salt). Be creative—try herbs, spices, lemon, lime, vinegar, and salt-free seasoning blends while cooking and at the table. For examples of how to season foods without using salt, visit the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s (NHLBI’s) Flavor That Food Web page.
Most of the sodium that people eat comes from processed foods. So, make sure you read the Nutrition Facts label on prepared foods to check the amount of sodium in each item.
For more information about how to read a Nutrition Facts label, see boxes 10 and 11 in the NHLBI’s "Your Guide to Lowering Your Blood Pressure With DASH."
Buy low-sodium, reduced-sodium, or no salt added versions of foods when they're available. Rinse all canned vegetables and beans before cooking and eating them.
Reduced-sodium products and salt substitutes likely contain potassium chloride as a main ingredient. This substance may harm people who have certain medical conditions, such as kidney disease and diabetes. Check with your doctor before trying reduced-sodium products and salt substitutes that contain potassium chloride.
If you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation.
If you smoke or use tobacco, quit. Smoking harms nearly every organ in the body, including the heart, blood vessels, lungs, eyes, mouth, reproductive organs, bones, and digestive organs. Also, try to avoid secondhand smoke.
Talk with your doctor about programs and products that can help you quit. If you have trouble quitting smoking on your own, consider joining a support group. Many hospitals, workplaces, and community groups offer classes to help people quit smoking. Ask your family and friends to support you in your efforts to quit.
Have questions about sodium? Join The Heart Truth®, the American Heart Association, and Million Hearts™ for a Twitter chat on January 25 at 1 p.m. ET. Get tips on how to manage sodium intake through lifestyle changes and learn why sodium is important to staying heart-healthy. Follow The Heart Truth on Twitter and look for #SodiumChat to join the chat.
Clinical trials are research studies that explore whether a medical strategy, treatment, or device is safe and effective for humans.
November 20, 2013
Gary H. Gibbons
New NHLBI Program Trains Scientists to Bring More Science Out of the Lab and into the Patient Care Marketplace
The NHLBI updates Health Topics articles on a biennial cycle based on a thorough review of research findings and new literature. The articles also are updated as needed if important new research is published. The date on each Health Topics article reflects when the content was originally posted or last revised.