You can't prevent inherited types of cardiomyopathy. However, you can take steps to lower your risk for diseases or conditions that may lead to or complicate cardiomyopathy. Examples include coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, and heart attack.
Your doctor may advise you to make lifestyle changes, such as:
- Following a healthy diet and being physically active
- Quitting smoking
- Avoiding the use of alcohol and illegal drugs
- Getting enough sleep and rest
- Reducing stress
For more information about lifestyle changes, go to "How Is Cardiomyopathy Treated?"
Your cardiomyopathy may be due to an underlying disease or condition. If you treat that condition early enough, you may be able to prevent cardiomyopathy complications. For example, to control high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and diabetes:
- Get regular checkups with your doctor.
- Follow your doctor's advice about lifestyle changes.
- Take all of your medicines as your doctor prescribes.
Doctors may be able to prevent sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) if they can identify people at high risk for the condition and treat them with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. (SCA is a complication of cardiomyopathy.)