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What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Childhood Interstitial Lung Disease?

Childhood interstitial lung disease (chILD) has many signs and symptoms because the disease has many forms. Signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fast breathing, which also is called tachypnea (tak-ip-NE-ah)
  • Labored breathing, which also is called respiratory distress
  • Low oxygen levels in the blood, which also is called hypoxemia (hi-POK-se-ah)
  • Recurrent coughing, wheezing, or crackling sounds in the chest
  • Shortness of breath during exercise (in older children) or while eating (in infants), which also is called dyspnea (disp-NE-ah)
  • Poor growth or failure to gain weight
  • Recurrent pneumonia or bronchiolitis

If your child has any of these signs and symptoms, contact his or her doctor. The doctor may refer you to a pediatric pulmonologist. This is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating children who have lung diseases and conditions.

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Childhood Interstitial Lung Disease Clinical Trials

Clinical trials are research studies that explore whether a medical strategy, treatment, or device is safe and effective for humans. To find clinical trials that are currently underway for Childhood Interstitial Lung Disease, visit

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Visit Children and Clinical Studies to hear experts, parents, and children talk about their experiences with clinical research.

March 21, 2014 Last Updated Icon

The NHLBI updates Health Topics articles on a biennial cycle based on a thorough review of research findings and new literature. The articles also are updated as needed if important new research is published. The date on each Health Topics article reflects when the content was originally posted or last revised.