With prompt and proper care, most people who have aplastic anemia can be successfully treated, and some may be cured.
Most people who have the disorder are able to go back to their normal routines after treatment. However, it may take some time to get good results from treatment. You may need repeated treatments, or you may need to try several treatments to find one that works.
Get ongoing medical care to make sure the disorder doesn't worsen and to check for possible complications.
Treatment for aplastic anemia may cause side effects or complications. Talk with your doctor about how to cope with these issues.
People who have aplastic anemia might be at higher risk for infections due to low white blood cell counts. Ask your doctor about ways to lower your risk for infection. For example, you may want to:
Know the signs of infection, such as fever. Call your doctor right away if you think you have an infection.
Talk with your doctor about what types and amounts of physical activity are safe for you. You may want to avoid activities that cause chest pain or shortness of breath. You also may want to stay away from activities that could result in injuries and bleeding, such as contact sports.
You or your family members may find it helpful to know about resources that can give you emotional support and information about aplastic anemia.
Your doctor or hospital social worker may have information about counseling and support services. They also may be able to refer you to support groups that offer help with financial planning, because treatment for aplastic anemia can be costly.
Clinical Trials for Rare Blood Diseases (Neal Young, M.D.)
Clinical trials are research studies that explore whether a medical strategy, treatment, or device is safe and effective for humans. To find clinical trials that are currently underway for Aplastic Anemia, visit www.clinicaltrials.gov.
July 4, 2012
NIH Media Availability: Platelet drug shows clinical benefits for severe, unresponsive aplastic anemia
Eltrombopag, a drug that was designed to stimulate production of platelets from the bone marrow and thereby improve blood clotting, can raise blood cell levels in some people with severe aplastic anemia who have failed all standard therapies.
The NHLBI updates Health Topics articles on a biennial cycle based on a thorough review of research findings and new literature. The articles also are updated as needed if important new research is published. The date on each Health Topics article reflects when the content was originally posted or last revised.