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Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and
Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults

Evidence Model Questions Addressed by Evidence Tables

The Expert Panel abstracted 236 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) articles and compiled the data into evidence tables for each RCT. They also developed summary tables to address the 23 questions related to the patient portion of the Evidence Model. Below are the 23 questions with links to summary evidence tables. The numbers refer to the arrows in the model. Select the questions below to view the corresponding summary table. Reference numbers in the evidence tables refer to the reference list. You also may select the reference list from the full report following the list of questions.

The summary evidence tables below are in PDF format. You need the Acrobat Reader to access the files. For more information, select "Information About PDF" or "Information for Visitors Using Screen Readers"

The tables are best printed in landscape orientation on legal-sized paper. You also may print the tables on regular paper when you select the "Shrink to Fit" option in the print dialog box.


Evidence Arrows 12, 13, and 14

Dietary Interventions

12A

What is the evidence that dietary interventions in obese adults effect a change in abdominal fat?

13A

What is the evidence that dietary interventions in obese adults effect a change in weight?

14A

What is the evidence that dietary interventions in obese adults effect a change in fitness?

Physical Activity Interventions

12B

What is the evidence that physical activity in obese adults effects a change in abdominal fat?

13B

What is the evidence that physical activity in obese adults effects a change in weight?

14B

What is the evidence that physical activity in obese adults effects a change in fitness?

Combined Interventions

12F

What is the evidence that combined interventions (diet and exercise) in obese adults effect a change in abdominal fat?

13F

What is the evidence that combined interventions (diet and exercise) in obese adults effect a change in weight?

14F

What is the evidence that combined interventions (diet and exercise) in obese adults effect a change in fitness?

Behavioral Therapy Interventions

12C

What is the evidence that behavioral interventions alone in obese adults effect a change in abdominal fat?

13C

What is the evidence that behavioral interventions in obese adults effect a change in weight?

14C

What is the evidence that behavioral interventions alone in obese adults effect a change in fitness?

Pharmacotherapy

12D

What is the evidence that pharmacotherapy interventions in obese adults effect a change in abdominal fat?

13D

What is the evidence that pharmacotherapy interventions in obese adults effect a change in weight?

14D

What is the evidence that pharmacotherapy interventions in obese adults effect a change in fitness? (No evidence available.)

Other Interventions

12E

What is the evidence that other types of interventions in obese adults effect a change in abdominal fat? (No evidence available.)

13E

What is the evidence that other types of interventions in obese adults effect a change in weight loss?

14E

What is the evidence that other types of interventions in obese adults effect a change in fitness? (No evidence available.)


Evidence Arrows 15, 16, 22, 23, and 24

Weight Loss

15

What is the evidence that fitness is directly related to weight loss? (No evidence available. See questions 12 and 14.)

16

What is the evidence that weight loss directly affects abdominal fat? (No evidence available. See questions 12 and 14.)

22

What is the evidence that weight loss directly affects high blood pressure?

23

What is the evidence that weight loss directly affects dyslipidemia (cholesterol)?

24

What is the evidence that weight loss directly affects glucose tolerance?


Reference List

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