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List of Abbreviations and Acronyms

ACCORD

Action To Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes

ACE

angiotensin-converting enzyme

ACRN

Asthma Clinical Research Network

AI/AN

American Indian/Alaska Native

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AMI

acute myocardial infarction

APPLES

Apnea Positive Pressure Long-Term Efficacy Study

ARDS

acute respiratory distress syndrome

ARDSNet

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Clinical Network

ARIC

Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities

ATP III

Adult Treatment Panel III

BABY HUG

Pediatric Hydroxyurea Phase III Clinical Trial

BARI 2D

Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation in Type 2 Diabetics

BEE

Board of Extramural Experts

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

CAMP–CS/
Phase II

Childhood Asthma Management Program–Continuation Study/Phase II

CARDIA

Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults

CARE

Childhood Asthma Research and Education Network

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CF

cystic fibrosis

CHD

coronary heart disease

CHS

Cardiovascular Health Study

CIHR

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CORAL

Cardiovascular Outcomes in Renal Atherosclerotic Lesions

CSCC

Comprehensive Sickle Cell Centers

CTOT

Clinical Trials in Organ Transplantation

CVD

cardiovascular diseases

DARD

Division for the Application of Research Discoveries

DASH

Dietary Approaches To Stop Hypertension

DBDR

Division of Blood Diseases and Resources

DCVD

Division of Cardiovascular Diseases

DECA

Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications

DERA

Division of Extramural Research Affairs

DHVD

Division of Heart and Vascular Diseases

DIR

Division of Intramural Research

DLD

Division of Lung Diseases

DPPS

Division of Prevention and Population Sciences

ESCAPE

Evaluation Study of Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Artery Catheterization Effectiveness

FOCUS

Functional Outcomes in Cardiovascular Patients Undergoing Surgical Hip Fracture Repair

FY

fiscal year

GEMS

Girls Health Enrichment Multisite Studies

GENTAC

Genetically Triggered Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms and Other Cardiovascular Conditions

GOCADAN

Genetics of Coronary Artery Disease in Alaska Natives

GTRP

Gene Therapy Resource Program

HAT

Home Automatic External Defibrillator Trial

HBCU

historically black college and university

HBV

hepatitis B virus

HCHS

Hispanic Community Health Study

HCV

hepatitis C virus

HDL

high-density lipoprotein

HF-ACTION

Heart Failure:  A Controlled Trial Investigation Outcomes of Exercise Training

HEW

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (now HHS)

HHS

Health and Human Services (formerly HEW)

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HTLV

human T-lymphotropic virus

ICD

International Classification of Diseases

IMMEDIATE

Immediate Myocardial Metabolic Enhancement During Initial Assessment and Treatment in Emergency Care

JHS

Jackson Heart Study

JNC V

Fifth Report of the Joint National Committee on the Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

MARC

Minority Access to Research Careers

MESA

Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

NAEPP

National Asthma Education and Prevention Program

NCEP

National Cholesterol Education Program

NCHS

National Center for Health Statistics

NCI

National Cancer Institute

NCSDR

National Center on Sleep Disorders Research

NHAAP

National Heart Attack Alert Program

NHANES

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NHBPEP

National High Blood Pressure Education Program

NHI

National Heart Institute

NHLBAC

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Advisory Council

NHLBI

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (formerly NHI and NHLI)

NHLI

National Heart and Lung Institute

NIA

National Institute on Aging

NIAMS

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

NICHD

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

NIDDK

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NINDS

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

NRSA

National Research Service Award

OAT

Occluded Artery Trial

OEI

Obesity Education Initiative

OPEC

Office of Prevention, Education, and Control

ORTMH

Office of Research Training and Minority Health

OSA

obstructive sleep apnea

PA

Program Announcement

PAD

peripheral artery disease

PGA

Programs for Genomic Applications

PHS

Public Health Service

PIOPED

Prospective Investigation of Pulmonary Embolism Diagnosis

POUNDS
LOST

Preventing Overweight Using Novel Dietary Strategies

PROGENI

Programs in Gene by Environment Interaction

REDS

Retrovirus Epidemiology Donor Study

RFA

Request for Applications

RFP

Request for Proposals

RPG

research project grant

SANDS

Stop Atherosclerosis in Native Diabetics Study

SBIR

Small Business Innovation Research

SCD

sickle cell disease

SCCOR

Specialized Center of Clinically Oriented Research

SCOR

Specialized Center of Research

SDB

sleep disordered breathing

SEP

Special Emphasis Panel

SES

socioeconomic status

SHARE

SNP Health Association Resource

SNP

single nucleotide polymorphism

STICH

Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure

STTR

Small Business Technology Transfer

SWITCH

Stroke With Transfusions Changing to Hydroxyurea

TAAG

Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls

TB

tuberculosis

TOPCAT

Trial of Aldosterone Antagonists Therapy in Adults With Ejection Fraction Congestive Heart Failure

WHI

Women's Health Initiative

WLM

Weight Loss Maintenance

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