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4. Disease Statistics Data Points for Graphics

Deaths by Major Causes, U.S., 2010
Other 58.8
Blood 0.4
CVD 31.9
Lung* 8.9

*Excludes 13,808 deaths from pulmonary heart disease and 947 deaths due to sarcoidosis.
Source:  Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS. 

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Deaths From Cardiovascular, Lung, and Blood Diseases, U.S., 2010
Lung 21.6
Blood 1
CVD 77.4

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Deaths From Cardiovascular Diseases, U.S., 2010
Stroke 16.4
AMI 15.5
Other CHD 32.7
Other CVD* 31.1
Pulmonary Embolism 0.9
Other Atherosclerosis 3.4

* Includes heart failure, cardiac dysrhythmias, hypertensive disease, deep vein thrombosis, and other heart and blood vessel diseases.
Note: Numbers do not sum to 100 percent due to rounding.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Deaths From Lung Diseases, U.S., 2010
Airway Diseases 58.9
Pulmonary Circulation 5.9
Neonatal 1.6
Influenza/Pneumonia 21.4
Interstitial/Other 12.3

Note: Numbers do not sum to 100 percent due to rounding.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Deaths From Blood Diseases, U.S., 2010
Coagulation Defects 18.9
Other Blood Diseases 20
Purpura 7.9
White Blood Cell Diseases 4.5
Anemias 48.7

Note: Numbers do not sum to 100 percent due to rounding.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Deaths From Cardiovascular Diseases, U.S., 1900–2010
Deaths/100,000 Population
Year Total Heart Disease CHD Stroke
1900 52.766 27.427   21.353
1910 136.357 75.429   45.461
1920 243.18 137.374   80.019
1930 384.289 251.153   104.345
1940 538.47 385.191   119.753
1950 745.074 537.629 396.055 156.751
1960 923.635 661.712 546.366 193.588
1970 1024.501 735.542 666.665 207.166
1980 993.348 761.085 635.677 170.225
1990 920.245 720.058 558.291 144.088
2000 941.526 710.76 515.204 167.661
2010 784.454 597.689 379.559 129.476

Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Death Rates* for Cardiovascular Diseases, U.S., 1900–2010
Deaths/100,000 Population
Year CVD Heart Disease CHD Stroke
1900 264.3 137.4   106.9
1910 287.2 158.9   95.8
1920 282.5 159.6   93.0
1930 327.8 214.2   89.0
1940 406.6 292.5   90.9
1950 494.4 356.8 262.8 104.0
1960 515.1 369.0 304.7 108.0
1970 504.2 362.0 328.1 101.9
1980 438.5 336.0 280.5 75.1
1990 370.0 289.5 224.3 57.9
2000 342.1 258.2 187.2 60.9
2010 254.1 193.6 122.9 44.9

*Not age-adjusted.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Ten Leading Causes of Death: Death Rates, U.S., 2008
Deaths/100,000 Population*
Cause of Death
1 = Heart Disease** 122.9 70.7 193.6
2 = Cancer   186.2  
3 = CLRD†   44.7  
4 = Stroke   41.9  
5 = Accidents   39.1  
6 = Alzheimer's Disease   27  
7 = Diabetes   22.4  
8 = Nephritis   16.3  
9 = Influenza and Pneumonia   16.2  
10 = Septicemia   12.4  


Years of potential
life lost (millions)‡
3.8 5.6 0.7 0.7 3.2 <0.1 0.6 0.3 0.3 1.2

*  Not age-adjusted.
** Includes 122.9 deaths per 100,000 population from CHD (dark bar).
† CLRD is the term used in the ICD/10 for COPD and asthma.
‡Based on the average remaining years of life up to age 78.7 years (life expectancy at birth in 2010).
Note: Diseases shown in bold are those addressed in Institute programs.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Ten Leading Causes of Death Among Minority Groups, U.S., 2010
Black Percent of
All Deaths
Alzheimer's 1.6
Septicemia 2.1
Homicide 2.7
CLRD 3
Nephritis 3.1
Accidents 4.21
Diabetes 4.23
Stroke 5.6
Cancer 23
Heart 24.1

Note: Causes of death shown in bold are those addressed in Institute programs.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Hispanic Percent of
All Deaths
Pneumonia 2.1
Nephritis 2.3
Alzheimer's 2.4
CLRD 2.9
Cirrhosis 3
Diabetes 4.5
Stroke 5
Accidents 7.3
Heart 20.8
Cancer 21.5

Note: Causes of death shown in bold are those addressed in Institute programs.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Asian/Pacific Islander Percent of
All Deaths
Suicide 2.10
Alzheimer's 2.11
Nephritis 2.13
CLRD 2.90
Pneumonia 3.00
Diabetes 3.60
Accidents 4.20
Stroke 7.50
Heart 22.50
Cancer 27.70

Note: Causes of death shown in bold are those addressed in Institute programs.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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American Indian/Alaska Native Percent of
All Deaths
Pneumonia 2.1
Nephritis 2.2
Suicide 3
Stroke  3.6
CLRD 4.5
Cirrhosis 5.1
Diabetes 5.5
Accidents 10.9
Heart 17.9
Cancer 19

Note: Causes of death shown in bold are those addressed in Institute programs.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Deaths Attributed to Heart Failure,* U.S., 1970–2010
Year Deaths Deaths (Thousands)
1970 135,748 135.7
1971 140,858 140.9
1972 149,228 149.2
1973 155,000 155.0
1974 155,108 155.1
1975 155,701 155.7
1976 162,754 162.8
1977 163,574 163.6
1978 168,935 168.9
1979 234,729 234.7
1980 248,240 248.2
1981 244,182 244.2
1982 246,451 246.5
1983 251,976 252.0
1984 254,450 254.5
1985 259,093 259.1
1986 259,726 259.7
1987 261,037 261.0
1988 267,356 267.4
1989 265,291 265.3
1990 269,519 269.5
1991 272,070 272.1
1992 273,959 274.0
1993 288,603 288.6
1994 284,087 284.1
1995 286,933 286.9
1996 284,362 284.4
1997 285,820 285.8
1998 287,256 287.3
1999 286,515 286.5
2000 290,315 290.3
2001 288,115 288.1
2002 286,793 286.8
2003 289,344 289.3
2004 284,510 284.5
2005 292,375 292.4
2006 282,891 282.9
2007 277,353 277.4
2008 281,437 281.4
2009 275,000 275
2010 279,000 279

* Heart failure as the underlying cause of death or otherwise mentioned on the death certificate.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Coronary Heart Disease by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, U.S., 1999–2010
Male Black* White* American Indian Hispanic Asian
1999 280.3 253.0 200.1 184.3 154.1
2000 271.9 243.5 190.2 168.1 143.9
2001 264.4 230.2 185.8 147.1 130.1
2002 253.2 222.7 172.2 148.6 127.7
2003 246.1 212.4 158.0 152.3 119.3
2004 226.7 196.8 149.6 136.1 107.1
2005 216.9 190.2 148.4 121.5 105.2
2006 209.8 179.3 132.8 122.4 101.3
2007 194.8 168.8 122.2 112.2 91.8
2008 187.2 165.5 111.5 105.1 92.7
2009 184.4 159.3 111.7 106.5 90.2
2010 171.9 154.2 119.0 109.6 91.0

Female Black* White* American Indian Hispanic Asian
1999 189.7 150.8 133.1 112.1 89.3
2000 185.0 144.3 125.1 99.1 83.7
2001 178.4 137.7 122.6 88.0 82.1
2002 171.4 131.7 112.2 87.1 76.8
2003 162.7 125.7 107.4 84.8 72.5
2004 150.5 115.5 95.3 82.4 66.7
2005 142.8 110.7 94.2 75.2 62.6
2006 132.0 102.4 85.4 76.4 58.9
2007 123.4 95.2 77.8 65.6 55.0
2008 117.4 93.1 72.0 57.8 54.2
2009 112.2 86.1 66.3 60.3 49.9
2010 106.7 84.4 72.0 64.9 52.2

*Non-Hispanic.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Stroke by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, U.S., 1999–2010
Male Black* White* American Indian Hispanic Asian
1999 90.6 60.8 58.7 52.6 50.0
2000 90.8 59.9 58.0 50.5 46.1
2001 86.5 56.5 55.3 48.9 37.5
2002 83.0 54.4 50.8 44.3 37.1
2003 81.0 51.9 48.5 43.0 34.9
2004 76.3 48.2 44.2 41.5 35.0
2005 71.8 44.8 41.5 38.0 31.3
2006 68.4 41.7 39.8 35.9 25.8
2007 68.5 40.3 35.5 34.5 31.1
2008 63.4 39.2 34.0 33.1 24.5
2009 61.6 38.1 34.1 30.9 29.2
2010 58.1 37.5 35.2 33.9 29.8

Female Black* White* American Indian Hispanic Asian
1999 77.1 58.4 49.0 42.2 46.4
2000 77.2 57.6 49.1 43.0 43.7
2001 74.8 54.8 48.2 41.6 44.0
2002 72.8 53.9 45.4 38.6 38.0
2003 70.9 50.9 42.6 38.1 34.2
2004 66.6 47.7 38.9 35.4 35.1
2005 61.7 44.4 36.3 33.5 37.1
2006 58.0 41.5 34.9 32.3 30.9
2007 56.1 40.3 33.2 30.8 28.4
2008 54.5 39.0 32.1 28.9 24.0
2009 51.2 37.0 29.6 28.0 24.6
2010 50.7 37.4 31.4 30.2 26.5

*Non-Hispanic.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Coronary Heart Disease, U.S., 1950–2010
Actual Rate and Expected Rates if Rise Had Continued or Reached a Plateau
  1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970
Actual 439.5 433.6 431.2 439.5 426.0 440.1 446.7 457.6 458.2 455.8 463.8 455.9 469.7 478.4 463.2 466.4 465.1 453.9 482.6 469.8 448.0
Expected                                       478.3 480.9
Peak                                       482.6 482.6

  1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Actual 448.5 445.5 437.0 414.6 388.1 382.2 368.5 362.0 339.1 345.2 329.5 320.4 316.1 304.1 296.2 283.4 273.9 268.5 257.5 249.6
Expected 483.4 486.0 488.5 491.1 493.7 496.3 498.9 501.5 504.2 506.9 509.5 512.2 514.9 517.6 520.4 523.1 525.9 528.7 531.4 534.2
Peak 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6

  1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Actual 240.6 232.6 233.2 224.5 219.7 212.1 203.6 197.1 194.6 186.8 177.8 170.8 162.9 150.2 144.4 135.0 126.0 122.7 116.1 113.6
Expected 537.1 539.9 542.8 545.6 548.5 551.4 554.3 557.2 560.2 563.1 566.1 569.1 572.1 575.1 578.1 581.2 584.3 587.3    
Peak 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6 482.6    

Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Common Cardiovascular and Lung Diseases With High Percentage Discharged Dead From Hospitals, U.S., 1990, 2000, and 2010
Disease Percent Discharged
Dead 2010
Percent Discharged
Dead 2000
Percent Discharged
Dead 1990
Cardiac Dysrhythmia 3.1 2.1 3.6
Pneumonia 3.3 4.9 7.8
Heart Failure 3 4.1 7.6
Stroke 4.7 6.4 8.2
AMI 7.6 9.9 12.5

National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS), NCHS.

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Death Rates* for Coronary Heart Disease in Males, Ages 35–74, in Selected Countries, 1990–2010
Deaths/100,000 Population

Year Finland UK** Poland USA Germany France Japan
1990 434.5 382.7 326.4 310.5 253.2 105.7 48.9
  416.9 368.5 343.9 301.1 256.8 104.6 46.6
  407.0 353.1 326.0 290.3 250.8 100.5 44.7
  377.3 346.3 304.2 286.9 248.4 98.7 44.5
  346.4 315.1 280.6 276.7 235.1 94.4 48.7
1995 339.7 304.5 273.1 269.0 230.8 92.0 60.2
  319.9 288.1 266.7 259.1 217.6 90.7 57.7
  292.3 267.0 274.8 247.8 206.5 86.6 56.8
  287.6 257.5 282.9 236.4 199.8 85.3 56.0
  276.4 241.0 291.0 229.9 190.0 81.7 56.7
2000 267.0 225.1 273.2 216.1 176.7 81.7 53.7
  238.1 216.4 254.8 204.0 169.6 76.3 54.0
  230.9 201.9 235.7 198.6 161.4 72.9 53.2
  219.1 190.5 227.5 188.7 154.5 70.3 52.6
  211.2 174.4 215.0 175.4 142.2 64.3 50.4
2005 193.9 163.2 201.4 169.4 132.8 63.2 51.7
2006 188.5 151.1 198.5 162.2 125.4 58.3 49.8
2007 180.2 143.9 190.9 153.4 119.1 57.1 47.7
2008 173.6 136.0 180.0 146.9 109.9 54.0 47.6
2009 170.0 125.8 166.1 143.1 108.4   46.5
2010 160.9 126.4 164.1 135.0 105.2   46.2

* Age-adjusted to the European Standard Population.
** United Kingdom for 2008–2010; England and Wales for 1990–2007.
Source: WHO Mortality Database.

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Death Rates* for Coronary Heart Disease in Females, Ages 35–74, in Selected Countries, 1990–2010
Deaths/100,000 Population


 Year UK** Finland USA Poland Germany France Japan
1990 138.5 125.6 122.0 83.3 80.1 26.7 18.9
  134.9 113.9 118.5 94.4 84.0 25.6 17.9
  128.4 109.4 114.8 93.8 82.1 25.5 16.8
  125.0 104.9 114.3 89.0 82.1 24.6 16.7
  114.4 98.4 110.1 83.0 64.2 23.6 17.6
1995 109.1 92.7 107.9 82.2 77.9 22.4 22.8
  103.1 84.1 105.4 78.5 75.0 21.9 20.8
  96.0 74.0 100.2 82.6 71.6 20.3 19.7
  92.8 81.1 96.7 86.7 68.9 20.6 18.6
  85.1 69.6 95.4 90.8 64.2 19.1 19.0
2000 79.5 67.8 89.6 86.2 59.2 18.1 17.2
  76.3 59.5 85.4 80.5 55.1 18.0 17.4
  71.0 57.7 81.9 70.2 52.8 16.2 16.5
  64.8 53.3 77.7 68.5 48.4 16.1 16.1
  57.9 47.9 72.5 65.5 44.5 14.3 14.9
2005 53.4 45.2 69.6 59.7 40.2 13.4 15.4
2006 49.9 40.6 65.2 57.5 38.3 12.8 14.9
2007 45.9 41.3 60.4 54.9 36.0 12.2 14.2
2008 44.2 39.9 58.8 51.6 33.1 11.9 13.8
2009 38.5 36.1 55.5 48.0 30.9   12.8
2010 38.3 33.9 52.6 44.4 30.4   12.7

* Age-adjusted to the European Standard Population.
** United Kingdom for 2008–2010; England and Wales for 1990–2007.
Source: WHO Mortality Database.

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Percent Change in Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Selected Causes by Race and Sex, U.S., 2001–2010
Percent Change
  COPD Asthma CHD Stroke
White Men -7.1 -33.3 -34.9 -35.9
Black Men -11.6 -35.4 -35.6 -33.2
White Women 4.3 -34.7 -41.0 -35.2
Black Women 11.2 -37.2 -42.1 -35.3

Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Death Rates for Lung Diseases in Infants, U.S., 1980–2010
Deaths/100,000 Live Births
Year Sudden Infant
Death Syndrome
Respiratory Distress
Syndrome
Other Neonatal
Respiratory Disorder
Hypoxia Pneumonia
1980 161.2 127.6 88.98054 54.8 20.0
  154.2 109.9 86.5 51.2 15.8
  151.6 101.3 83.1 53.6 14.7
  154.1 93.5 82.2 43.6 15.2
  151.0 89.5 82.9 42.2 13.4
1985 149.4 90.7 86.6 40.8 13.5
  148.5 83.7 82.8 34.7 12.7
  145.1 79.6 81.2 27.5 12.7
  148.1 75.2 79.8 26.3 11.6
  147.3 83.0 72.0 23.7 11.1
1990 137.7 63.3 61.8 24.2 10.9
  137.5 57.7 57.1 19.3 10.4
  127.2 46.9 52.4 20.0 10.6
  123.4 41.9 48.3 18.1 9.4
  108.9 36.6 46.2 18.0 10.1
1995 92.1 34.5 41.4 16.2 9.0
  78.4 32.2 40.7 14.6 9.0
  81.5 30.9 38.9 15.4 7.6
  75.7 30.4 37.6 15.5 8.0
  66.9 28.0 43.4 15.5 7.8
2000 62.2 24.6 37.7 15.5 6.9
  55.5 25.1 37.3 13.3 7.3
  57.1 23.4 31.0 14.5 6.4
  52.9 20.3 29.8 13.6 7.1
  54.6 21.3 29.6 12.9 6.2
2005 53.9 20.8 28.0 12.8 5.9
2006 54.5 19.3 28.3 8.1 5.7
2007 56.8 18.3 25.9 8.2 4.8
2008 55.4 14.8 25.3 9.1 4.9
2009 53.9 14.4 23.1 7.7 5.0
2010 51.6 12.9 20.3 7.9 4.5

Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Ten Leading Causes of Infant Mortality, U.S., 2010
Deaths Under Age 1 Per 100,000 Live Births
Cause of Mortality Percent Change
2000-2010
Neonatal Hemorrhage -8**
Necrotizing Enterocolitis of Newborn -4
Respiratory Distress Syndrome -17
Bacterial Sepsis of Newborn 13
Newborns Affected by Complications of Placenta, Cord, and Membrane 28
Accidents and Adverse Effects -2
Newborns Affected by Maternal
Complications of Pregnancy
-23
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome -48
Disorders Relating to Short Gestation 30
Congenital Malformations* -18

*   Congenital CVD and congenital respiratory diseases accounted for 43.1 deaths under age 1 per 100,000 live births (black bar), which is 34 percent of infant deaths due to all congenital malformations.
**  From 2000 to 2010, congenital CVD declined 27 percent; congenital malformations of the respiratory system declined 41 percent; other congenital malformations increased 7 percent.
Note:  Diseases shown in bold are those addressed in Institute programs.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Deaths Under Age 1 Year Due to Cardiovascular and Lung Diseases, U.S., 2010
Congenital Malformations of the Respiratory System 1.6
Atelectasis and Other Lung Diseases 3.1
BPD 0.2
RDS 2.1
Pneumonia 0.7
SIDS 8.4
Other CVD 2.1
Congenital Malformations of the CV System 5.4
Other Diseases 76.3

Note: Diseases shown in bold are those addressed in Institute programs.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Death Rates* for Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases in Males, Ages 35 Years and Older, in Selected Countries, 1990–2010
Deaths/100,000 Population
Year UK** Germany Poland USA Finland France Japan
1990 122.9 96.2 93.8 89.3 69.4 56.1 37.5
  124.4 95.6 90.0 88.7 63.6 55.5 36.8
  118.5 93.1 76.7 86.8 67.7 55.6 35.6
  118.8 95.4 78.4 91.7 68.6 59.4 36.1
  104.6 90.0 67.3 88.7 57.2 56.1 36.0
1995 110.0 91.7 67.9 87.1 63.3 57.5 43.9
  100.5 88.6 67.9 85.9 67.4 50.1 36.5
  99.2 76.8 68.4 86.6 67.8 43.1 35.6
  97.9 71.4 69.0 86.0 72.2 38.5 33.5
  96.6 69.6 69.6 92.5 65.3 34.1 35.3
2000 95.3 67.4 69.0 87.7 63.7 33.1 31.4
  85.3 59.7 61.8 85.5 60.8 30.2 29.3
  83.9 61.3 61.9 84.6 58.3 29.9 27.6
  86.3 63.2 67.2 83.3 54.9 31.4 27.3
  78.0 54.8 63.3 78.8 45.4 27.4 25.2
2005 77.7 53.8 65.0 82.2 52.3 29.4 25.6
2006 73.4 50.5 62.4 76.4 52.6 26.2 23.7
2007 72.9 50.5 66.2 77.6 50.7 26.3 23.2
2008 74.8 49.7 62.1 82.9 45.5 26.6 23.1
2009 70.1 53.6 61.7 79.1 46.2   21.9
2010 70.9 51.7 50.3 77.3 43.4   22.6

* Age-adjusted to the European Standard Population.
** United Kingdom for 2008–2010; England and Wales for 1990–2007
Source: WHO Mortality Database.

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Death Rates* for Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases in Females, Ages 35 Years and Older, in Selected Countries, 1990–2010

Year UK** USA Germany Poland France Japan Finland
1990 48.0 46.1 27.2 22.3 22.2 13.9 11.0
  50.4 48.7 28.3 22.0 21.9 13.5 12.9
  51.4 49.0 27.0 18.5 23.1 13.1 14.9
  52.6 54.3 29.7 19.3 25.8 13.2 14.8
  48.0 54.6 29.0 16.7 23.3 12.5 13.6
1995 53.1 54.8 30.1 16.1 24.7 15.2 14.8
  51.2 56.6 29.8 16.3 20.1 12.8 13.9
  52.3 57.4 26.4 17.1 18.1 12.1 16.3
  51.5 58.8 26.6 17.9 17.0 11.3 17.8
  51.2 64.2 26.4 18.7 15.1 11.4 16.7
2000 51.0 62.8 25.3 18.4 13.0 9.8 15.8
  52.4 63.2 23.6 16.1 11.1 9.3 15.8
  53.0 62.7 25.0 15.2 11.2 8.6 14.9
  57.2 63.4 26.2 17.4 11.8 8.2 13.2
  50.8 60.3 23.5 15.5 10.4 7.8 13.2
2005 52.9 63.9 24.6 16.3 11.2 7.5 15.0
2006 51.1 60.4 23.6 15.8 9.8 7.2 14.2
2007 52.1 60.4 24.5 17.6 10.2 6.7 13.9
2008 53.8 66.5 24.9 17.5 10.0 6.5 15.3
2009 50.1 63.7 27.6 17.8   5.9 15.9
2010 53.5 63.4 27.8 15.1   5.9 15.0

* Age-adjusted to the European Standard Population.
** United Kingdom for 2008–2010; England and Wales for 1990–2007
Source: WHO Mortality Database.

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Age-Adjusted Death Rates for Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, U.S., 1999–2010
Deaths/100,000 Population
Male/Year White* Black* American Indian Hispanic Asian
1999 61.3 51.5 41.8 33.0 29.6
2000 58.5 47.5 43.7 28.8 28.3
2001 56.9 46.3 35.0 27.6 27.0
2002 56.5 46.3 35.9 27.2 25.0
2003 55.4 44.4 40.3 27.1 25.2
2004 52.8 40.9 32.2 23.8 22.6
2005 54.7 44.1 34.9 25.1 22.5
2006 51.2 39.5 29.0 21.9 22.3
2007 51.9 39.6 34.9 22.8 19.6
2008 55.8 42.4 32.7 22.6 20.6
2009 53.6 42.3 31.8 22.0 19.7
2010 52.5 40.7 38.8 25.2 21.0

Female/Year White* Black* American Indian Hispanic Asian
1999 40.8 23.4 30.4 17.7 12.1
2000 40.7 22.7 26.2 16.3 11.7
2001 41.1 22.4 27.3 16.5 11.1
2002 41.2 22.6 26.4 16.2 9.3
2003 41.8 22.0 26.1 15.8 9.9
2004 40.0 20.9 26.1 14.9 9.3
2005 42.5 22.8 25.4 15.4 9.7
2006 40.2 21.3 26.4 14.3 9.1
2007 40.4 21.4 28.1 13.9 9.1
2008 44.1 24.4 26.7 15.3 9.6
2009 42.7 22.8 26.8 15.2 9.4
2010 42.9 23.3 30.3 15.9 9.1

* Non-Hispanic.
Source: Vital Statistics of the United States, NCHS.

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Physician Office Visits for Sleep Disorders, U.S., 2000–2010
Number of Visits (Millions)
Year Insomnia Sleep Apnea Narcolepsy
2000 2.4 2 0.06
2001 2.2 2.1 0.1
2002 2.3 3.5 0.19
2003 3.1 2.3 0.17
2004 3 3.8 0.053
2005 3 3.3 0.066
2006 4.5 3.1 0.1
2007 5.1 2.8 0.096
2008 6.1 2.3 0.18
2009 5.7 3.7 0.14
2010 5.8 2.7 0.1

Note: Primary and secondary diagnoses.
Source: National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, NCHS.

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Prevalence of Cardiovascular Diseases* in Adults by Age and Sex, U.S., 2007–2010
Percent
Age Male Female
20–39 12.8 10.1
40–59 40.0 34.4
60–79 70.2 70.9
greater than or
equal to 80
83.0 87.1

*  Hypertension, CHD, stroke, or heart failure. Hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg, or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg, or being on antihypertensive medication.
Source: NHANES, 2007–2010, NCHS.

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Prevalence of Common Cardiovascular and Lung Diseases by Age, U.S., 2007-2011

Age Greater than or
equal to 65 Years
Percent
Asthma 7.6
Heart Failure 7.8
COPD 9.6
Stroke 9.7
CHD 19.1
Hypertension 71.8

Age 45–64 Years Percent
Stroke 1.9
Heart Failure 2.7
COPD 6.8
Asthma 7.6
CHD 8.7
Hypertension  42.7

Age 18–44 Years Percent
CHD 1.2
COPD 3.1
Asthma 8
Hypertension 12.7

Age <18 Years Percent
Asthma 9.5

Source: NHIS and NHANES, NCHS.

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Age-Adjusted Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Adults, U.S., 1961–2011
Percent of Population
Year Year Other Hypertension Smoking High Cholesterol Overweight
1961 1960-62 38.1   33.3 44.8
1962          
1963          
1964          
1965     41.9    
1966          
1967          
1968          
1969          
1970          
1971          
1972 1971-74 39.8   28.6 47.7
1973          
1974     37.0    
1975          
1976          
1977          
1978 1976-80 40.4   27.8 47.4
1979     33.3    
1980          
1981          
1982          
1983     31.9    
1984          
1985     29.9    
1986          
1987          
1988          
1989          
1990     25.3    
1991 1988-94 24.4   19.7 56.0
1992     26.3    
1993          
1994     25.3    
1995     24.6    
1996          
1997     24.6    
1998     24.0    
1999     23.3    
2000     23.1    
2001     22.6    
2002 1999-2002 24.9 22.3 17.0 64.8
2003     21.5    
2004     20.8    
2005     20.8    
2006 2003-2006 26.6 20.8 16.3 66.5
2007     19.7    
2008     20.6    
2009     20.6    
2010 2007-2010 25.9 19.6 13.7 68.2
2011     19.3    

Notes:  Hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg, or being on antihypertensive medication. High cholesterol is ≥240 mg/dL. Overweight is BMI ≥25 kg/m2. Data were collected at six time periods: 1960–1961 (plotted at 1961), 1971–1974 (plotted at 1972), 1976–1980 (plotted at 1978), 1988–1994 (plotted at 1991), 1999–2002 (plotted at 2002), 2003–2006 (plotted at 2006), and 2007–2010 (plotted at 2010).
Sources:  NHIS for smoking, ages ≥18, NCHS; NHANES for the other risk factors, ages 20–74, NCHS.

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Hypertensive* Population Aware, Treated, and Controlled, Ages 18 and Older, U.S., 1976–1980 to 2007–2010
Percent of Population With Hypertension
  1976–1980 1988–1991 1991–1994 1999–2002 2003–2006 2007–2010
Awareness 51 73 68.4 70.6 77.6 81.4
Treatment 31 55 53.6 60.6 67.8 74.8
Control 10 29 27.4 34.4 44.0 52.4

*  Hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mm Hg, or diastolic blood pressure > 90 mm Hg, or being on antihypertensive medication.
Source: NHANES, NCHS.

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Adult Population With Hypertension* by Age, Race/Ethnicity, and Sex, U.S., 2007–2010
Male 60+ 40–59 18–39
Mexican-American -63.2 -25.9 -7.2
Black** -71.8 -47.2 -11.4
White** -61.8 -33.3 -8.8

Female 60+ 40–59 18–39
Mexican-American 74.2 23 2.3
Black** 84.2 51.6 10.1
White** 66.5 26.6 5.5

*   Hypertension is systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mm Hg, diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mm Hg, or being on antihypertensive medication.
** Non-Hispanic.
Sources: NHANES, NCHS.

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Hospitalization Rates for Heart Failure, Ages 45–64 and 65 and Older, U.S., 1971–2010
Hospitalizations/10,000 Population
Year Ages Greater than
or equal to 65
Ages 45–64 Years
1971 60.1 9.5
1972 73.3 11.3
1973 78.2 12
1974 82.7 12.8
1975 88.4 13.2
1976 97.4 13.7
1977 106.4 14.2
1978 112.5 14.9
1979 127.7 15.5
1980 133.5 14.3
1981 130.8 15.6
1982 132.6 16.2
1983 132.7 20.1
1984 151.7 20.6
1985 156.3 21.4
1986 158.2 23.1
1987 161.8 22.7
1988 175.5 24.4
1989 168.5 25.6
1990 182 26
1991 193.6 27
1992 206.4 31.5
1993 207.7 34.1
1994 210 29.8
1995 208.1 27.2
1996 202.7 28.5
1997 223.2 31.3
1998 226.7 30.6
1999 221.1 29.4
2000 220.2 31.9
2001 217.3 31.5
2002 201.4 32.9
2003 222.0 36.6
2004 225.0 33.0
2005 217.4 32.3
2006 216.6 32.9
2007 189.9 29.7
2008 192.3 29.0
2009 194.0 34.2
2010 180.1 29.5

Source: NHDS, NCHS.

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Prevalence of Asthma Episodes in Previous 12 Months by Age, U.S., 1997–2011
Percent of Population
Age 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Ages <18 Years 5.45 5.31 5.27 5.53 5.72 5.75 5.45 5.44 5.2 5.54 5.19 5.6 5.48 5.72 5.46
Ages 18–34 Years 4.18 3.55 3.94 3.69 4.46 4.1 3.56 3.38 4.04 3.58 3.9 4 3.6 3.92 3.89
Ages Greater than or equal to 35 Years 3.47 3.4 3.07 3.36 3.56 3.59 3.21 3.68 3.79 3.9 3.76 3.74 3.97 4.31 3.96

Source: NHIS, NCHS.

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Total Economic Costs of the Leading Diagnostic Groups, U.S., 2009
(in billions of dollars)

Diagnostic Group Direct Cost Indirect Cost of Mortality
Infectious and Parasitic Diseases 22.0 24
Diseases of Genitourinary System 67.0 8
Mental Disorders 80.0 8
Diseases of Nervous System 78.0 16
Diseases of Digestive System 85.0 29.0
Diseases of Musculoskeletal System 125.0 3
Diseases of Respiratory System 98.0 32
Endocrine, Nutritional, and Metabolic Diseases 111.0 23
Injury and Poisoning 83.0 96
Neoplasms 87.0 130.0
Cardiovascular Diseases 192.0 121

Source: MEPS, AHRQ.


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